Know step by step How to Become a Pilot after 12th....
Dec 01, 2021 11:21:45
Remember our childhood times whenever we heard the sound of an airplane flying, we ran out to spot the airplane in the sky. What fun it was! An airplane used to be a matter of interest for almost every child. Many people start dreaming of flying an airplane one day, right from childhood, and why not? The thought of flying an airplane entices everybody. But practically, such an experience is not easily achievable by any ordinary person. To have such experience, a person has to become a pilot.
For an individual, the job of a pilot is extremely esteemed and lucrative. A pilot is a professional who operates, controls, and navigates the airplane to carry people and goods to their destination by air travel. Many people dream of flying high in the sky, but only some of them get success in transforming such a dream into reality. Those people opt to become a pilot and explore their careers in the aviation industry.
Most importantly, becoming a pilot is not a piece of cake. It demands much effort & dedication, like any other significant profession. A pilot bears a great responsibility on his shoulders to operate the aircraft wisely and carry all the passengers, who are traveling aboard safely to their destination. Here, the fact must be considered, that flying a plane is not simple as driving a car! Many people may perceive this to be easy-peasy job work. But, those people are unaware of the corporeality of flying an airplane, that it is very challenging to job, and that too along with the responsibility of the passengers' safety. A pilot has to ensure the safety of all the passengers traveling on board.
Many students want to pursue the career of a pilot and prepare to get admission into the respective courses after completing their 12th standard but they are unaware of the precise know-how of becoming a pilot after 12th. If you are one of those students, seeking a course for becoming a pilot after class 12th then you are reading the right page! We are here to tell you the essential concepts and provide you with holistic information regarding pilot courses after the 12th standard. We will cover this topic concerning India and a few other nations. Let's begin with it!
You can start your career to achieve the dream to become a pilot after the 12th. There are many available options for students who want to pursue pilot courses in open flying schools. Many flying schools are providing education in the field of aviation for the 10+2. So, after completion of class 12th, the students can send their application for admission to these schools. Some specific criteria are there in such flying schools which the students are required to fulfill, along with certain selection stages, including the Pilot aptitude tests, Medical tests, and others.
I) Training: Pilot training bestows wings to an individual to chase his dreams and aspirations. In the course of pilot training, the enrolled individuals will get to learn about various dynamics of an aircraft's body, the dynamics of flying and navigation mechanisms, and the science behind it. The trainee pilots receive structured flight training under the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) of India approved and (FAA)-approved flight schools in our country.
Certain eligibility standards are there that a student needs to satisfy for enrollment in pilot training-
a) The student must have completed a 10+2 standard from any recognized board of education in India.
b) The age of the student should be at least 16 years.
c) The student should be a minimum of 5 feet in height.
d) The student should not have the fear of heights.
e) He should submit a medical certificate and has to give an oral examination.
f) Finally, after the clearance of the examination the student confirms his seat in the pilot training program for which he applied.
II) Licensing: For working as a professional pilot, an individual requires a License.
For gaining the licensing, an individual is required to meet some requirements which will make him a certified pilot in India. Those requirements are as follows:
a) The minimum age to apply is 18 years.
b) The student should be having minimum experience of 250 flight hours.
c) The student should not have any physical disability that may affect his job performance.
d) They should have a vision that can obtain a 20/20 score successfully.
Besides, an individual will also have to clear the written and practical exams, along with a flight exam. During the flight exam, the student will be required to demonstrate his flying capabilities to an FAA-designated examiner.
We have explained both of these ways of becoming a pilot after the 12th ahead in this article. Keep reading further so that you can have a close look at these, but before jumping on it let us consider two more questions students have in their mind before opting for any of these two ways!
It is one of those questions that come into the mind of students who have an interest in commerce stream or who have pursued their 10+2 schooling in commerce, yet they want to opt for becoming a pilot. Answering all those students, the stream may not be that important! No matter what stream you choose after 10th class, you are eligible for admissions to flying school. Most flying schools offer preparatory programs that teach the prerequisites to students from non-science backgrounds who are want to join the aviation academy.
Hence, you should not be worried if you are from a non-science stream and want to pursue the career of a pilot. The procedure for this would be -
First of all, as a commerce student need to register with the flight school in distant learning course which is organized by the National Institute of Open Schooling. With this distance learning course, you will become capable of completing your 10+2 standard in the science stream. Also, these courses are approved by the Government. So, with such programs, even non-science stream students can have the opportunity to gain admissions and study in flying schools comfortably.
For getting yourself enrolled in such a course online, visit the website provided by the National Institute of Open School or you can also visit the nearest flying school and get yourself enrolled. As the 10+2 is compulsory for becoming a pilot, once you complete your 12th standard in the science stream, you can join a flying school and practice for the Commercial Training License.
Before getting started with this career path, you need to:
Go through the medical tests and ensure that you are fit to fly.
Then, pursue your pilot course studies and gain info about the student pilot license.
Then, after your preparation for the entrance exam, you are ready to go!
Now, answering to those students who have pursued their graduation and want to pursue the career of a pilot, you can start the hustle to achieve your dream of becoming a pilot after completing your graduation. You can become a pilot in India either as a civilian(commercial pilot) or a military pilot (Indian defense). Both have some specific requirements as per their protocols. For becoming a pilot in the military, you need to dedicate a certain number of years for practice after completing one year of training in the Indian Air Force. Two main aspects of your career path are expounded as:
a) Education: Mostly, the organizations prefer to hire candidates who have pursued a bachelor's degree. Although, the minimum requirement for a pilot is completing a two-year duration of any relevant college program. The coursework should include English, mathematics, physics, and aeronautical engineering as vital academic subjects. By holding a bachelor's degree, you will be exposed to great options, and it will place you in a better position than those candidates who do not have a degree.
b) Certification: The Airline captains and First officers demand a transport pilot certificate. To qualify for the certification, a pilot must be 23 years old, he should have completed 1,500 hours of flight time, and he should have cleared the corresponding theoretical and practical examinations for the licensure.
You must read this entire article upto full length to make an wise decision for your rcareer! So, let us dive in to know more!
Here, we will discuss how to become a pilot concerning the procedure in our country India.
To become a pilot in India, there are two ways for the aspirants to become a pilot as we stated earlier. So, here we have explained both the ways of becoming a pilot in detail.
The Civil Aviation approach lets you become a Commercial Pilot, i.e., flying aircraft as a civilian pilot. Commercial Pilots are those pilots who fly passenger aircrafts. These pilots transfer the passengers from one place to another by air. For example, pilots in airplanes of GoAir, IndiGo, and other commercial airlines. Such a pilot is licensed by the authority as a commercial pilot and he holds the certificate for civil aviation. The formal authority of civil aviation in India is the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA). Being a commercial pilot, a person has to carry a lot of responsibilities. He is the one responsible for the lives of passengers in an airplane.
Here are the steps in the pathway of becoming a commercial pilot in India.
Gaining Admission in a Flying School - The foremost step to becoming a civilian pilot in India is on completing the 12th standard, taking admission in a flying school, and pursuing B.S.c in Aviation. The admission procedure for these is elucidated below:
A) Written Examination - You have to clear a written examination for which the main subjects to study are Physics, Mathematics, Reasoning, and General English.
B) Pilot Aptitude Test - This test is conducted to check your aptitude in Engine Knowledge, and Aircraft Knowledge, Air Regulation, and Aviation Meteorology.
C) The DGCA (Directorate General of Civil Aviation) Medical Examination and Personal Interview - The Directorate General of Civil Aviation, Government of India conducts this Medical Examination. In this, after clearing the written examination and the pilot aptitude test, if you will get selected then, you will be called for the Personal Interview and DGCA Medical Examination.
A) Get a Student Pilot License - After you pass the entrance exam, you become eligible to get a Student Pilot License. Under this, the Chief Instructor or the Directorate General of Civil Aviation representative will take your oral test at the school. Then, you will be permitted to get the flying training after receiving a student pilot license. Thereafter, you will be allowed to take the flights of small planes for which the approval is granted by the flying clubs of our country.
B) While the coursework duration, you have to complete the required target of at least 250 flying hours. Then, you will become eligible to apply for a Commercial Pilot License for yourself.
The significant eligibility guidelines for becoming a Commercial Pilot are as follows:
1) The candidate must be at least 16 years old to apply.
2) The candidate must have completed 10+2 standard with science stream.
3) The candidate is required to submit a medical certificate, security clearance, bank guarantee, and other documents as informed.
4) Finally, for receiving SPL authority, the candidate has to go through an oral examination.
The second approach is becoming a pilot for the Indian Defense Forces, i.e., Air Force.
A short piece of information on the Indian Air Force
The Indian Air Force (IAF) is one of the three uniformed services in the Indian Defense Forces. On 8th October 1932, the British India instituted the Indian Air Force. From that day, every year, 8th October is being observed as Air Force Day. A career opportunity in the Indian Air Force is indeed an exciting endeavor for an individual that provides a chance to do national service along with high remuneration.
The second approach is crucial for those students who want to become a pilot but do not have enough money to make it up for the pilot training in a reputed Flying School in the country. The students who cannot afford the high fees of the private Flying Schools in the country can get themselves enrolled in the Indian Defence Force to get Pilot Training without spending hefty sums of fees.
The Indian Defence Forces provide free-of-cost training to students. A candidate also gets a respectful opportunity to serve the nation, along with the training benefit. On becoming a Class I officer and getting a Defence License, a candidate gets paid throughout his training period. For becoming a successful pilot of the Airforce, a candidate requires the skills listed here:
Presence of mind
Effective decision making
Let us discuss the procedure of heading ahead with this approach.
Here are the steps in the pathway of becoming an Indian Airforce Pilot.
A) Written Examination - Firstly, you have to clear a written examination that is math-based and general ability exam, including Physics, Chemistry, History, English, General Knowledge, Current affairs, and Geography the main subjects.
B) Pilot Aptitude Test - The Pilot Aptitude Test involves a written and machine-based test that appraises your ability to read instruments & comprehend their outputs, your mental strength, and control of the actions you perform. A candidate can give the Pilot Aptitude Test only once. If unfortunately, you failed to clear the test on your first attempt, then you will become ineligible to appear again for the flying branch.
C) SSB Interview - The Service Selection Board (SSB) Interview is known as the Intelligence and Personality test. It is conducted by the SSB Board, Ministry of Defence. There are two stages involved in the SSB interview:
Level I: The First Level of this test mainly involves Officer's Intelligence Rating Test, Discussion test, and Picture Perception Test.
Level II: It is necessary for you to successfully clear the first level of the SSB interview for qualifying to the second level. The second level mainly involves psychological tests, group tasks, and personal interviews that are conducted by psychologists.
D) Medical Examination - Under the Medical Examination stage, your height, weight, and eyesight will be examined. Notably, NDA (National Defence Academy) requires you to have a minimum height of 152 cms with the corresponding weight. Along with this, your Eye vision has to be 6/6 in one eye whereas 6/9 in the other (that is correctable to 6/6 only for hypermetropia).
The eligibility guidelines for becoming a pilot in the Indian Defence Force (NDA/ military pilot) are:
1) The candidate must be an Indian citizen.
2) Only male candidates are eligible to apply for this. Females are not eligible.
3) The candidate must have passed the 10+2 standard with physics and mathematics as the main subjects.
4) The minimum age to apply is 16 ½ years, whereas the maximum age for this is 19 ½ years.
5) The students in their amid their final academic year in the college are also allowed to apply in the NDA.
Now, let us review all the stages in the path of becoming a pilot!
To become an airline pilot you will need a Bachelors's degree in any subject. While for becoming a commercial pilot usually require having a high school diploma from a recognized board. Some flight schools are inclusive of a two to four-year college/university program that offers the desired aeronautics or aviation degree which are approved by the FAA (Federal Aviation Administration).
In India, after completing 10+2 schooling, the most admired NDA exam is considered a golden opportunity for those candidates who aspire to be a pilot. After completing this course of three years duration, you will also have to undergo flying training. Once completing this training successfully, you will be placed as a Permanent commission officer. The point to be noted here is that a Permanent Commission refers to a career in the Indian Army until a person retires from his post.
Another way to become a pilot after the 12th class in India is that you can opt for a CPL (Commercial Pilot Training) program. You will need to clear an entrance exam, an interview, and a medical test for this, as set by the respective institute you have chosen.
If a student aspires to become a pilot, he will have to achieve a specific number of flight training hours to obtain a formal license. You must note that the hours of flight training depend upon the pilot program chosen by the student. E.g., to obtain a commercial pilot license, at least 250 hours of flying is mandatory, whereas for obtaining an airline pilot license, 1500 hours of flying experience is mandatory. An official training program prepares you with fundamental education. Nonetheless, for gaining all-round knowledge and practical exposure, a student can hire a personal instructor for training. One can also join the military for more expertise.
After clearing the entrance and getting enrollment for the pilot training, the first step is to acquire the necessary hours of flight experience. After this, there will be a written assessment for the candidate, a practical test demanding him to manifest his flying abilities, and a physical test. Here, the deciding factor or the key to success is to be confident and keep yourself prepared. On clearing all these, a candidate can obtain a Pilot's Licence. The principal pilot licensing issued by the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) in each country are listed below as:
1) CPL - Commercial Pilot License
2) PPL - Private Pilot License
3) ATP - Airline Transport Pilot License (ATP)
4) MPL - Multi-crew Pilot License
5) CMEL - Commercial Multi-Engine Land
6) CFL - Certified Flight Instructor
Over and above, the age requirements for a license will differ based on the type of pilot a candidate wants to become. The age criteria are as stated:
A) Student Pilot License – The age limit for applying for a Student pilot license is 16 years.
B) Commercial Pilot License – The age limit for applying for a Commercial pilot license is 18 years.
C) Private Pilot License – The age limit for applying for a private pilot license is 17 years.
Many airline companies necessitate the pilots to give aptitude and psychological tests as a prerequisite for employment. On their successful placement, the pilots have to attend further weeks of training and exposure. Such flight experiences are imperative to become proficient in an adventure as co-pilots. Acquiring a preliminary practical experience with any Regional Airline Company is advantageous at all times in the distant future; especially, if you have plans to join up with any Major Airline Service.
Escalating from a fresher pilot to the rank of a captain entirely depends on superiority and experience. You will be required to pass the additional FAA theoretical and practical exams for acquiring more flight ratings. You can keep on learning and prospecting the changes in the aviation industry. Skill-empowering seminars and webcasts are provided by the AOPA (Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association) and the IFALPA (International Federation of Airline Pilots Associations) for honing your skills and your overall development.
Now, let us discuss how to become a pilot abroad in respect of the United States and the United Arab Emirates.
For an Indian student, there are two approaches to becoming a pilot in the USA. You can either become an airline pilot in the US via two paths - Civilian or Military. Both lead to an enchanting and rewarding career. Here, we have discussed both approaches. Let us begin!
The approach to becoming an American Airlines pilot as a Civilian starts at ATP (Airline Transport Pilot) Flight School. Here you get training to evolve from scratch, i.e., from nil experience to a professional American Airlines First Officer. The steps for this approach are explained as follows:
i) Airline Career Pilot Program: Firstly, you have to get yourself enrolled in the Airline Career Pilot Program. It is the most efficacious and well-known way to obtain the certification that you require for becoming an airline pilot. The program is at a fixed cost and takes only seven months to complete.
ii) Gain Experience as a Flight Instructor: Next, you have to gain a minimum of 1,500 hours of flight experience as an instructor with ATP.
iii) Envoy Cadet Program: While you are practicing as a flight instructor, you can give an interview with Envoy Air to participate in the Pilot Cadet Program. Participating in the Cadet Program as an instructor makes you an Envoy Air employee, allowing you to enjoy health and travel benefits from the airline while you gain experience. As soon as you reach 500 hours of flight time, you will also start getting financial assistance.
iv) Flying as Regional Airline First Officer: After reaching 1,500 hours of flight time, finish the ATP CTP course sponsored by Envoy. After this, you will get placed into the vacant new hire class at Envoy Air, and you can start flying as an American Eagle Regional Airline First Officer.
v) Upgrade to Captain: After flying aircraft for around two years as the first officer, you will be upgraded to captain with Envoy Air.
vi) Fly for American Airlines: Finally, you will gain the opportunity to work as an American Airlines Pilot. An agreement between Envoy Air and American Airlines allows you to fly through the leading airline in just over five years, without any additional interview requisites.
The second approach is becoming an Airforce Pilot in US Military. If you choose this path, you will be required to obligate to a fixed number of years in the US military, post a pilot training of one year. It is a ten-year commitment in the Air Force. However, one should not take this commitment lightly on himself. You should keep yourself prepared for military life. You will become obligated to follow orders, risk physical injury, and make use of deadly weapons. So, be mentally prepared before joining it, as if you are not prepared for all this, then the military is not the apt path for you.
i) The Commercial Pilots and Flight Instructor applicants must be at least 18 years old.
ii) The candidate must be able to speak, read, write, and understand the English language.
iii) The candidate must procure a Medical Certificate as a validation of his satisfactory physical health.
iv) Some Requirements For International Students:
v) They must obtain a US F-1 or M-1 visa
vi) They must manifest valid proof of health or accident insurance while being in the US.
vii) They are required to manifest the proof of meeting adequate fund requirements for flight training and living expenses in the US.
viii) They must register and submit their background information on -www.flightschoolcandidates.gov
Next, let us discuss how to become a pilot in UAE, considering the tests and eligibility requirements for the students.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has been progressing with steady growth in the Aviation industry. Becoming a commercial pilot in the UAE is a highly rewarding career.
The Commercial Pilot Program (Integrated Course) in the UAE involves a minimum of 190 hours of ground training, 190 hours of Single Engine Flight Training, and 10 hours Multi-Engine Flight Training. Also, the student should complete a minimum of 200 hours till the end of the CPL course to obtain UAE GCAA CPL (Commercial Pilot Licence), but on successful execution of a flight check.
A. Written Test
A candidate should pass three knowledge tests PPL, IR, and CPL. The test comprises 75 MCQs (multiple-choice questions), and it is conducted at the GCAA facility. The student must obtain a score of 75% or more on these tests.
B. Flight Test
A candidate must successfully pass the three practical tests (PPL, IR, and CPL). It will be conducted as a final exam by a GCAA inspector or an appointed examiner. Also, there is a fee for the flight test.
i) A minimum education up to High school or equivalent.
ii) The minimum age for enrollment in the course is 17 years, and to get a license is 18 years.
iii) The candidate must have English language proficiency.
iv) Class I Medical certificate issued by a UAE GCAA physician.
v) All candidates have to get a security clearance before commencing flight training in the UAE, as required by the law.
vi) Sitting for a personal interview with the flying school enrolment committee.
We hope that now you must have gained some idea of the paths you have ahead to opt for your career. You can make choices between whether to study in flight schools in India or in abroad, considering various aspects like affordability, placement opportunities, scope, training duration, etc. Also, you can choose whether to become a commercial pilot or a pilot in the Air Force. Focus on gaining as much info as you can get to make an informed decision for your career.
Now, we will tell you about where to pursue pilot courses after the 12th, covering the top flying schools in our country India and in abroad. This discussion will include top flying schools in the United States, Indonesia, The Philippines, The United Kingdom, and Singapore.
There are many Pilot training institutes or academies in different parts of the world that are offering various programs in Commercial Pilot Training. Also, the necessary eligibility criteria are almost the same everywhere. The Major Flying Schools in India that provide the Pilot Training to aspirants are enlisted here:
The leading Flying Schools in India are:
1) Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Uran Akademi (IGRUA), Rae Bareli, U.P.
2) Flying Club, Aerodrome, Lucknow
3) State Civil Aviation, UP Govt Flying Training Center in Kanpur and Varanasi
4) Karnal Aviation Club, Kunjpura Road, Karnal, Haryana
5) Rajasthan State Flying School, Sanganer Airport, Jaipur
6) Flying Club
7) Madhya Pradesh Flying Club
8) CAE Oxford, Gondia, Madhya Pradesh
9) Flying Training Institute, Behala, Kolkata
10) Government Aviation Training Institute, Civil Aerodrome, Bhubaneswar
11) Rajiv Gandhi Academy of Aviation Technology
12) Ahmedabad Aviation & Aeronautics-AAA-Ahmedabad
13) School of Aviation Science and Technology, Delhi Flying Club Ltd, New Delhi
14) Govt Flying Training School Jakkur Aerodrome, Bangalore
15) Andhra Pradesh Flying Club Hyderabad Airport, Hyderabad
16) Bihar Flying Institute, Civil Aerodrome, Patna, Bihar
17) Assam Flying Club, Guwahati Airport, Guwahati
Now, it is the turn of top flying schools in the USA.
Here are the leading flying schools in the USA that will give a kickstart to your pilot career.
1) Ohio State University
2) Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
3) School of Aerospace Sciences - University of North Dakota
4) The School of Aviation and Transportation Technology - Purdue University
5) College of Aviation at Western Michigan University - Western Michigan University
6) The College of Aeronautics - Florida Institute of Technology
7) Trade Winds Aviation - San Jose State University
8) Squadron 2 - San Jose State University
9) California Institute of Technology
10) The School of Aviation Sciences - Utah Valley University
11) Parks College of Engineering, Aviation and Technology - Saint Louis University
12) University of Hallmark
13) Spartan College of Aeronautics and Technology
14) Aerosim Flight Academy
15) The United States Air Force Academy
Note: Most of the best flight schools in the USA offer Joint college degree and flight training options which is a popular choice among the students.
Next, we will take a glance at the top flying schools in Indonesia.
There are around 22+ flying schools in Indonesia that are approved by the Indonesian Directorate General of Civil Aviation and offer various pilot training programs in the field of aviation. The leading flying schools are:
1) Alfa Flying School, Jakarta
2) Aero Flyer Institute, Tangerang
3) Deraya Flying School, Jakarta
4) AVIASI 28, Jakarta
5) Indonesia Aviation School, Jakarta
6) Flybest Flight Academy, Batam
7) Sekolah Tinggi Penerbangan Indonesia (STPI), Tangerang
8) Lombok Institute of Flight Technology, Mataram
9) Angkasa Aviation Academy, Tangerang
Now, we will review the top flying schools in the Philippines.
The Philippines have the most affordable choices that provide education in the field of aviation. The flying schools in the Philippines are very economical as compared to flying schools in other countries. However, the aviation training courses demand much skill and effort. The top aviation schools in the Philippines are:
1) Airlink International Aviation College
2) PATTS College of Aeronautics
3) Omni Aviation Corporation
4) Airlines (PAL) Aviation School
5) National Aviation Specialist Academy
6) Delta Air International Aviation Academy
7) Leading Edge International Aviation Academy
8) Alpha Aviation Group
9) Aero Equipt Aviation
10) Achievers Airline Academy
11) Aeronavigation Academy International, Inc
13) Indiana Aerospace University
14) WCC Aviation Company
15) Pacific Pearl Airways Aviation School
16) Manila Aero Club Flying Academy
Next, we will review the top flying schools in the Philippines.
The leading flying schools in the United Kingdom are worthwhile for your consideration as they offer flight training with professional standards.
1) Midland Air Training Limited
2) Aeros Flight Training
3) Airways Aviation Academy
4) ACS Flight Training
5) Flying Academy
6) Aviation Training Service Company
7) CAE Oxford Aviation Academy
8) Bristol Groundschool
10) Bournemouth Commercial Flight Training
11) Cambridge Flying Group
12) Wings Alliance
13) VA Airline Training
14) Oxfordshire Sport Flying Club
Lastly, we will review the top flying schools in Singapore.
The leading flying schools in Singapore offer various aviation degree programs for beginners and advanced training programs for pilots. Major Flying Schools in Singapore are:
1) Singapore Aviation Academy
2) Singapore Youth Flying Club
3) CAE Singapore - Singapore CAE Flight Training Centre
4) Seletar Flying Club
5) SG Aviation Training
7) Air Transport Training College (ATTC Singapore)
So, these were the leading flying schools in various notable countries that you can go for!
Now, let us discuss the major types of Pilots careers that you can opt to be.
Primarily, there are three types of pilots- Commercial Pilot, Private Pilot, and Military Pilot. These types of pilots are briefly explained below:
The pilots who professionally fly aircraft for business purposes are called Commercial Pilots. It can mainly involve transporting passengers to their destination, transporting goods from a specific place to another, traffic monitoring, etc. The job of a commercial pilot is not easy as he holds the responsibility for the safety of the passengers on board during the journey. In case, something unfortunate happens, then such pilots are the ones to hold responsible for it or be blamed for it. Based on the definition, commercial pilots can be categorized into three specific sub-divisions, that are Passenger pilots, Cargo pilots, and Aerosports pilots.
Everyone does not get the opportunity to serve their nation! The Indian Airforce dedicatedly performs this prideful service. Individuals who serve as pilots in the Indian Airforce are known as Military pilots. The Military pilot's job role involves helping the Indian defense in controlling terror attacks. They find out the enemy base, they aid in providing the war materials like weapons, bombs, etc., and help the wounded soldiers by taking them back to their camp. Also, military pilots spot the missions and keep engaging with and honing their aviation skills for air-to-air combat with the enemies. Based on their placement, the Military pilots are classified into two main sub-divisions, namely Airforce Pilots and Army Pilots.
Private pilots are the professionals usually hired for Private or Corporate requirements. To become a Private pilot, an individual has to obtain a Private pilot license for flying an airplane on a Private basis. The job role of private pilots involves navigating small aircraft, flying private jets, flying Private helicopters, etc. Private pilots can also be converted into commercial pilots whenever it is required.
Let's now discuss a bit about the Fundamental Professional Skills in a Pilot.
The job of a Pilot requires an individual to possess some necessary skills to work effectively, such as analytical thinking skills, self-confidence, self-discipline, positive attitude, good communication, alertness & awareness, task management, adaptability, leadership skills, team working skills, etc. It doesn't matter which kind of pilot one can become an individual requires a set of fundamental skills to attain success in his career. These skills will be polished during the pilot training.
1) Interpersonal Skills and Communication: The skills that we use every day for communication and social interaction with people are called interpersonal skills. As a vital interpersonal skill, an individual must be good at communicating at his workplace. It is imperative to get along with others.
2) Analytical Thinking or Problem-solving skills: As a pilot, an individual must possess analytical thinking skills. He must wisely make use of his knowledge to identify the cause and solutions for an issue to get out of the problems arising during his job work.
3) Self-confidence: A Pilot must possess the ability to take action and make decisions with surety because he will be the one who will handle the consequences of the acts done by him. He should be confident in himself in making appropriate decisions, backed by his training and experience.
4) Self-discipline: Also, pilots must have self-discipline in their life. They have to follow a stringent set of rules from regulating bodies and various other sources. Self-discipline is much needed in this field. Even in the life of ordinary individuals, self-discipline should be there.
5) Teamworking skills: Being able to work as a team is a crucial skill to work as a good pilot. Alongside working with the cabin crew, a pilot should coordinate well with the air traffic controllers (ATC), airline management team, flight dispatchers, and others.
6)Task management: An individual must be able to manage his tasks efficiently as a pilot. He can prioritize tasks and projects as per the timeline and should skillfully accomplish them. Also, he can simultaneously and efficaciously manage and take action on more than one priority and project altogether.
7) Time Management: Being a pilot, an individual must hold the ability to manage complicated tasks and the targets that are crucial for accomplishing a mission within a given frame of time. Even as a commercial pilot, an individual has to take care of time to make the passengers reach their destination on time, without an unnecessary delay.
8) Positive Attitude: An individual must have the ability to resolve complex issues that might seem to be challenging to other persons with a positive outlook. A pilot must have faith in himself, and he should show a positive attitude, even in challenging times. It will not only motivate him, but also boosts the morale of the co-pilots, crew, and passengers on board.
9) Adaptability: Another vital skill that a pilot must possess is the ability to adapt. He must be capable enough to take a variety of changing circumstances into consideration quickly and change his behavior or actions to reap the benefits of the changing circumstances or arising opportunities. Also, he must have the ability to adapt to unusual working hours and conditions, if in case necessary.
A large number of skills are taught to individuals in the pilot training. Many of such skills we just discussed are beneficial for a general working professional also.
Now, let us move ahead and discuss the main types of pilot licenses and pre-eminent licensure authorities in some notable countries.
The licensure authorities in the popular Pilot training destinations abroad are: The pilot certification in the US is administered by the FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) department, whereas, in Canada, Transport Canada regulates the licensing of Pilots. The Pilot licensure in most European nations, counting upon the UK, France, Switzerland, Greece, and many others, the pilot licensing is administered by the National Aviation Authority. We will discuss the licensure authorities further on this page in detail.
A Pilot License is also called a pilot certificate that enables an individual to fly an aircraft with legal licensure. Just like you require a driving license for driving a vehicle, in the same way, the pilot license allows you to fly an airplane. Nonetheless, the Federal Aviation Administration puts pilots through definite rules and limitations according to their category & rating. FAA is the administering body that lays down all the rules & regulations of aviation and imposes the same. It covers pilots and other aviation careers and industries. The FAA pilot licenses have several leading classifications listed below:
A) Student Pilot License
The Student Pilot License or Certificate permits you to take flight instruction from a licensed instructor. Getting a student license is a foremost step towards obtaining an actual license. There are some basic eligibility criteria set by the FAA that you should fulfill. On fulfilling those requirements, you can get a Student Pilot License that authorizes you to initiate your flight training.
a) The foremost requirement to be eligible to get a student pilot license is that your age must be at least 16 years. (Note: The minimum age limit is 14 years only if you intend to pilot a glider or balloon).
b) Secondly, you must be adept with communication in the English language. As English is the universal language in aviation, you must have a good command of it.
c) Next, you have to obtain a medical certificate from an AME (Aviation Medical Examiner).
d) You have to prepare an application completed via Integrated Airman Certification & Rating Application (IACRA) and submit it to a competent authority. You can submit it to any of these -
i) Flight Standards District Office (FSDO) or an FAA pilot examiner, or
ii) An airman certification representative at a part 141 flight school, or
iii) A Certified Flight Instructor (CFI).
These will process your application and submit it with the required documents to the Airmen Certification Branch (ACB). After this, the ACB reviews your application. You can expect to receive your student pilot license in approximately three weeks via mail.
Finally, with your student pilot license and medical certificate, you will be all set to start the training. You will take ground school classes and get a one-on-one training session with a flight instructor. After that, you will be ready for your written exam and practical test for your Private Pilot License (PPL). Then, you can earn other ratings and licenses as you like.
The most common type of pilot license issued by the FAA is the Private Pilot License. An FAA PPL enables you to fly most single-engine airplanes and aircraft. However, for flying more advanced aircraft, you will be required to acquire some additional instrument rating tests, especially if you wish to be rated to fly under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR).
To get your FAA private pilot license or certificate, you must complete a minimum threshold of 35 hours of varied flight time. Along with this, you will have to pass the written tests, pass the FAA practical exam, and should be holding a valid driver's license. On holding a PPL, you will be permitted to fly an aircraft alone or with other people. However, you may or may not be paid for flying people on flights.
The Commercial Pilot License (CPL) enables you to get paid for your pilot services. With a commercial pilot license, you will be permitted to fly as a commercial pilot legally, and you will earn better. To get your CPL, you will need to fulfill some principal FAA CPL certificate requirements that are as follows:
i) Your age must be at least 18 years.
ii) You must be proficient in the English language, i.e., you can ably speak and understand English.
iii) You must log at least 250 hours of varied flight time and pass all the exams.
iv) You will need a 2nd Class Medical Certificate.
In addition to these eligibility requirements discussed above, there are a few basic requirements to work as a CPL include that you should satisfy.
i) Your Certified Flight Instructor (CFI) must validate you as a sound pilot.
ii) You must have completed all your ground school courses.
iii) You must also pass your check-ride (practical test) with an FAA instructor.
iv) You are required to have a current medical license.
If you want to fly more advanced aircraft, you will have to pass a multi-engine check ride.
The Airline Transport Pilot License is ultimately the license an individual requires to fly airplanes for the major airlines. You have to complete the first two types of pilot licenses, i.e., PPL and CPL, to become a commercial airline pilot in the US or anywhere else. On completing those, you can obtain your Airline Transport Pilot License (ATPL). You will need to fulfill the following FAA requirements to get your commercial ATPL.
i) Your age must be at least 23 years.
ii) You must have a valid driver's license.
iii) You will have to pass all the relevant tests and flight exams.
iv) You must be having at least 500 hours of flying experience (from which at least 200 hours should be as Pilot-in-Command in case of Defence Personnel).
v) You must pass all the ground school courses and the Instrumental Ratings (IR) courses.
vi) You must clear all the physical fitness & eye vision tests, as the candidate must be medically fit and have a sound body and mind.
A recreational Pilot License is a license that permits an individual to fly as a pilot in command (PIC) in a light, single-engine aircraft without supervision. It enables the licensee to fly an aircraft privately and with non-commercial passengers. It is nothing other than a private pilot license. This license is apt for aviation enthusiasts, hobby flying, adventure flying, etc.
For obtaining this license, you must be at least 17 years old as per the FAA. Also, you are required to pass a theoretical test and a flight test. A recreational pilot license requires 40 hours of training hours to be completed.
i) As a recreational pilot, you will receive lesser hours of cross-country navigation training because you must always fly within 50 nautical miles of your home base (except when you earn additional ratings or certifications).
ii) As a recreational pilot, you will not be required to learn to fly in airspace requiring air traffic control (ATC) communications.
iii) Also, recreational pilots do not require any training to fly at night as per the FAA.
iv) You are not required to take instrument training.
Here are the details of some notable Official Licensure Authorities that regulate Civil Aviation.
The DGCA (Directorate General of Civil Aviation) is a judicial body of the Indian Central Government for the regulation of Civil Aviation in India. The DGCA regulates the field of Civil Aviation and primarily focuses on dealing with safety issues. It is majorly accountable for:
The management of air transport services to/from/within India
Enforcement of civil air regulations and the standards of air safety & airworthiness.
It also coordinates all functions of control with the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO).
Parent Department of DGCA: Airports Authority of India
Parent Regulator of DGCA: Ministry of Civil Aviation of India
Headquarters of DGCA: Sri Aurobindo Marg, (opposite Safdarjung Airport), New Delhi
Minister authorized for DGCA: Mr. Jyotiraditya Scindia, Minister of Civil Aviation
DGCA strives to develop & encourage safe and well-organized Air Transportation through the regulations and dynamic system for supervision of safety.
DGCA was established under the Aircraft (Amendment) Bill, 2020. DGCA inspects & analyses aviation accidents and incidents. Also, it administers all regulations concerning aviation and is the body responsible for issuing licenses related to aviation, such as PPL, SPL, and CPL in India. The Indian Government is thinking of replacing the DGCA with a Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), organized under the American Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).
The FAA stands for Federal Aviation Administration, and it is the largest transportation agency of the Government of the US. The FAA administers all the dimensions of the field of civil aviation in the country and also regulates the surrounding international waters. The International Civil Aviation Organization has delegated the authority of the powers over the surrounding international waters to the FAA. The scope of FAA & the powers held by FAA include:
Air Traffic Management
Certification of pilots and aircraft
Setting up of standards for airports
Safety of the national assets during the launch or entry of commercial space vehicles.
The headquarters of FAA is situated in Washington, DC. For support & research work, FAA also operates the William J. Hughes Technical Center in Atlantic City, New Jersey, and it runs the Mike Monroney Aeronautical Center in Oklahoma City for training purposes. Besides, the FAA has nine regional administrative offices.
The FAA was established in August 1958. It replaced its precedent Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA). Later, FAA became an agency within the Department of Transportation of the US.
The Functions of FAA are listed below:
FAA controls the United States commercial space transportation
FAA fosters and encourages civil aeronautics, such as new aviation technology.
It regulates the structure of air navigation facilities and flight inspection norms.
It looks after Issuing, suspending, or revoking pilot licenses.
It develops and operates a system of Air traffic control (ATC) & air navigation for civil and military aircraft.
It conducts research and develops the National Airspace System and commercial aviation.
It develops programs to manage aircraft noise and other effects of civil aviation on the environment and oversees the execution of such programs.
The CAA has been delegated the authority and the power by the legislation to regulate airline fares and determine the routes that air carriers serve for air transportation.
The General Civil Aviation Authority (GCAA) is a national self-governed body that operates to administer all the aviation-related activities in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The GCAA main office is situated in Abu Dhabi, whereas the GCAA regional office is situated in Dubai with a focus on serving the northern Emirates. The HQ are built after the establishment of GCAA as a former directorate, and it embraces an air traffic control (ATC) center and supporting facilities. The GCAA is the only authority for the control and management of civil aviation in the UAE, responsible for delivering en-route air navigation services and overseeing all aspects of flight safety.
The General Civil Aviation Authority (GCAA) in the United Arab Emirates was formed in 1996 by the Federal Cabinet Decree (Law 4) to administer Civil Aviation and provide classified aviation services. It functions with the main emphasis on safety & security and strengthening the field of aviation within the UAE and its upper airspace.
Since 1996, the General Civil Aviation Authority (GCAA) has made appreciable progress in the aviation field. It has initiated new initiatives to proffer a better service to its civil aviation clients and stakeholders. Various new projects and innovations have been set in motion usually showing excellent results, like the program of modernization of the air traffic control center. It has also established new facilities and set up radar equipment for the growth of civil aviation in the UAE.
i) Topped off the construction of its Headquarters in Abu Dhabi, which embraces an ATC center and other supporting facilities.
ii) To serve the Dubai and Northern Emirates clients better, GCAA has done considerable Completion and occupancy of the Dubai Regional Office building and linked it by an intra-net system networking with the Abu Dhabi Headquarters.
iii) Established the civil aviation services with a holistic creation of the necessary infrastructure, which is compatible with 21st century needs. These include ultra-modern Air Traffic Control systems, Flight Safety Services procedures, Civil Aviation Regulations & AIP upgrades, HR layout and policies, and other activities to ensure safe and structured services.
iv) Perpetuated success in the nationalization program of the UAE with licensing of the national personnel in the Flight Safety, Air Navigation, & Administration.
v) Established and conducts scheduled audits of all UAE Aircrafts Operators, International Airports, and hazardous goods forwarders to ensure aviation safety.
vi) Introduction of the first Satellite navigation Global Positioning Systems (GPS) procedures in the Middle East region for the Dubai International Airport.
The GCAA inaugurated its new Air Navigation Centre in late 2009, named The Sheikh Zayed Centre. Across the Middle East, this center is considered the largest and most bustling air traffic management facility. Also, in terms of its design, the Sheikh Zayed Center is famous as one of the world's most hi-tech & ultra-modern centers.
The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) is the federal body that administers and controls all the dimensions of civil aviation in the United Kingdom. It directly or indirectly regulates all respects of aviation in the UK, and it is the primary regulator in some main respects of the aviation field.
The CAA was formed in 1972 under the terms of the Civil Aviation Act, 1971 as per the recommendations of a government committee chaired by Sir Ronald Edwards. Since then, the CAA has been a public corporation of the Department for Transport. Later, the Parliament passed a new act, the Civil Aviation Act 1982, that addressed the prevalent conditions, and presently, it controls the air flights in the UK.
The Role of CAA is as follows:
a) Civil Aviation Flying Unit: CAA looks after the issuing of pilot licenses (SPL, PPL, CPL), testing of equipment, and other important inspections
b) Directorate of Aviation Security: CAA manages the administration of the security standards, such as evaluating all personnel in the aviation industry, screening passengers, and more.
c) Licensing of Air Travel Organisers – ATOL: The CAA also looks after the Air Travel Organisers' Licensing (ATOL) to administer the national protection scheme for the customers abroad in the event of a travel company failure. As per the law, every traveling company selling air holidays and flights in the UK is obliged to hold an Air Travel Organisers' Licensing.
Note: The ATOL scheme is formulated to ensure the customers that their money is safe and offer assistance in the happening of a travel company failure.
The scope of CAA includes Air Safety, Airspace Regulation, Economic Regulation, Consumer Protection, and Environmental Research & Consultancy. CAA is the primary regulator in some dimensions of aviation. In the rest of the areas where the authority for regulation has transferred to the EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency), the CAA acts as the local office of EASA and administers the regulations set by EASA.
To fly a UK-registered aircraft within the United Kingdom, an individual requires a National Private Pilot Licence. Three Class ratings are there, which can be included in this license are Microlight, Self Launched Motor Glider (SLMG), and Simple Single Engine Aircraft (SSEA). Every Class has its independent training syllabus. It is worth noting that the NPPL can be used only for the UK-registered airplane inside the airspace of the UK, except that an individual has a legal assent with another country's aviation authorities which will permit him to fly in the airspace of that particular country.
Light Aircraft Pilot’s License is the new license or certification which is a less rigid non-commercial pilot license as compared to the UK National Private Pilot License. The LAPL is ideal for someone unable to get a full class 2 medical or just wants to fly around the local airspace.
The Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS) is the federal aviation authority in Singapore. It is an enforcement board under the Ministry of Transport of the Government of Singapore. The head office of CAAS is situated on the fourth floor of Terminal 2 at the Singapore Changi Airport. CAAS controls the civilian air traffic inside the airspace jurisdiction of the Republic of Singapore. Also, CAAS plays a vital role to support the growth & development of the air hub and aviation industry in Singapore. It encourages safe industry practices and executes civilian air-service agreements with air-service operators. Let us take a look at the formation of CAAS and its functional areas.
The vision of CAAS is to become a leader in civil aviation and develop Singapore as a city connecting the world. The values of CAAS are:
i) Safety is their foremost priority
ii) People are their inspiration to do their best
iii) Integrity guides their actions.
iv) Customers are their center of focus
v) Excellence is their primary goal to achieve.
The Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS) was formed on 1 September 1984. It functions as the National aviation authority of Singapore. The Authority develops and encourages the air hub and aviation sector of the country. CAAS is led by Director-General Mr. Kevin Shum and the Board's Chairman Mr. Edmund Cheng. The Singapore Aviation Academy is the child agency of CAAS.
The mission of CAAS is to provide high-standard air navigation services to ensure smooth and faultless movements of civilian airplanes at the airports of Singapore and in the Singapore flight information region (FIR). It focuses on the development of Singapore as a center of aviation knowledge and human resource development. Besides, the CAAS operates the Air Traffic Control Tower. Also, it issues revenue stamps to pay for the passenger service charge on the flights. The CAAS and the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) entered into a working agreement in July 2017 with the motive to recognize the certifications of each other as an aviation authority.
The Indian Aviation Industry is among the largest growing aviation industries across the globe. It is an extensive global economic contributor that supports numerous jobs and transports billions of passengers. You can kickstart your lucrative career as a pilot after completing the right education and obtaining the necessary certification or licensure. As you are now familiar with the pathway regarding how to become a pilot after class 12th, here we have curated a list of the major recruiters in the aviation field that you should know.
1) Air India
3) Air India Express
6) Spice Jet
7) AirAsia India
8) Air India Charters Ltd
9) Alliance Air
10) Air Costa
After knowing about the leading recruiters of pilots in our country, you must be interested in knowing the pay prospects of a pilot in India. So, here is an overview.
Money is the biggest motivator for every job, and why not; after all, money fosters growth.
It is agreeable that the job role of a pilot is tough to perform, but that is justifiable with the efforts because the salary package for the job of a pilot is somewhat high nowadays. In our country, on meeting the target of 250 hours of flight, an individual becomes all set to pursue a commercial pilot's career and can earn wonderful pay per month. Commercial pilots usually have better. As a fresher, a pilot receives about 1.5 lakh to 2 lakh monthly salary for flying domestic flights. On the other hand, an experienced international pilot receives over four lakhs per month. This remuneration is paid based on the number of flight hours dedicated by the pilot. The important point here is that the salary of a pilot is often incremental (depending on the company policy), i.e., it observes increment with each successive year of service with the company. The other associated benefits usually involve a pension scheme, various allowances, and discounted travel. On the flip side, if an individual opts for the path of becoming a pilot in the Indian Airforce, the yearly pay package can go somewhere between 5 lakhs to 8 lakhs per annum.
So, our discussion ends here! Whichever course you choose or whatever license you want to acquire is all up to you. If you are ready to build your dreams, gather courage and move forward towards your passion. We wish the best of luck to all aspirants!
We have answered some frequently asked questions here only for you.
Ans. Yes, you are eligible to become a pilot after the 12th if you satisfy some specific criteria. Essentially, the minimum criteria to pursue pilot training is 10+2 in the Science stream, and your age must be at least 17 years to get enrolled in pilot training courses.
Ans. To become a pilot, first, you must choose your higher secondary in the science stream, having Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as the main subjects. Also, you must have an aggregate score of a minimum of 50% in these subjects to become eligible to join a Flying school or Aviation Academy.
Ans: Here are some leading and most popular Bachelor's courses that you can pursue after12th standard to become a pilot:
a) Commercial Pilot Training
b) B.Tech in Aeronautical Engineering
c) Diploma in Ground Staff and Cabin Crew Training
d) Diploma in Aeronautical Engineering.
e) Advanced Diploma in Airport and Airline Management.
f) B.Sc. in Aviation
g) B.Sc. Aeronautics
h) BBA in Aviation
i) B.Sc. Aviation Administration
Ans. The average fees range for the Pilot training courses is from INR 15 Lakhs to 50 Lakhs, according to the course program you opted for studies.
Ans. You can get free pilot training provided by the Indian Defence (NDA) to aspirants who choose to become military pilots. Besides, there are some scholarships for which you can apply if you fulfill their specific eligibility requirements. Here are some of the popular scholarships available to students who want to pursue pilot training.
i) Scholarship by Rajiv Gandhi Foundation
ii) Scholarship by Saraswati Aviation Academy
iii) Scholarship by Indian Airlines
iv) Scholarship by Air India
v) Scholarship by Government Aviation Training Institute (GATI)
vi) Scholarship by JRD Tata Memorial
vii) Scholarship to reserved category candidates - SC or ST
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