Bachelor in Aeronautical Engineering in France

Read about the Bachelor in Aeronautical Engineering in France....

Standyou Team
Standyou Team

Feb 12, 2024 08:42:28

Bachelor in Aeronautical Engineering in France for International Students

1. Educational System Overview

In France, engineering education typically follows the "Diplôme d'Ingénieur" structure, which is equivalent to a Master's degree and usually requires five years of study after high school. Bachelor’s degrees in engineering are less common in France, with most programs leading directly to a Master's level qualification. However, there are Bachelor programs available that can serve as stepping stones into the field or as part of a longer educational journey toward the Diplôme d'Ingénieur.

2. Admission Requirements

  • Language Proficiency: Since many programs are offered in French, proficiency in the French language is often required (B2 level or higher in the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages is commonly expected). Some institutions may offer programs in English, especially at the postgraduate level, but undergraduate options may be limited.

  • Academic Records: High school diploma or equivalent, transcripts, and sometimes specific qualifications in mathematics and physics.

  • Entrance Exams: Some schools may require passing an entrance exam or attending preparatory classes.

  • Application Process: Applications are often processed through the "Parcoursup" platform for French students, but international students may need to apply directly to the institution or through the "Studying in France" procedure managed by Campus France.

3. Top Institutions for Aeronautical Engineering

  • ISAE-SUPAERO (Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace): Located in Toulouse, it's one of the most prestigious aerospace engineering schools in the world.

  • ENAC (École Nationale de l'Aviation Civile): Also in Toulouse, ENAC is renowned for its programs in aviation and aeronautics.

  • ESTACA (École Supérieure des Techniques Aéronautiques et de Construction Automobile): Offers specialized programs in aeronautical, space, and automotive engineering.

  • Polytechnique: Although not exclusively focused on aeronautics, it's one of France's leading engineering schools, offering a broad range of engineering disciplines, including aerospace.

4. Cost of Education

  • Tuition Fees: For non-EU students, tuition fees can range from €2,770 to €15,000 per year, depending on the institution and level of study.

  • Living Expenses: Approximately €600 to €1,200 per month, depending on the city. Paris is significantly more expensive than smaller cities.

5. Scholarships and Financial Aid

scholarships are available for international students, offered by the French government, institutions, and other organizations. Examples include the Eiffel Excellence Scholarship Program, Erasmus+ for EU students, and specific scholarships offered by the engineering schools themselves.

6. Visa Requirements

Non-EU/EEA students need to apply for a student visa, which requires proof of admission, proof of financial means (around €615 per month), health insurance, and accommodation arrangements.

7. Career Opportunities

Graduates can expect opportunities within France's robust aerospace sector, in roles involving design, development, testing, and maintenance of aerospace vehicles and systems. The presence of leading aerospace companies in France significantly enhances job prospects for graduates.

8. Living in France

Adjusting to life in France includes embracing the French culture, language, and lifestyle. France offers a rich historical and cultural experience, excellent cuisine, and diverse landscapes from cities to countryside, making it an attractive destination for international students.

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Universities Offering Bachelor in Aeronautical Engineering in France

1. IPSA (Institut Polytechnique des Sciences Avancées)

  • Location: Paris and Toulouse

  • Overview: IPSA is a private engineering school specializing in aerospace engineering. It offers a five-year program, leading to a Master’s level degree in engineering, with the first two years potentially serving as a foundation similar to an undergraduate program.


  • Location: Paris and Laval

  • Overview: ESTACA is highly specialized in transport and aeronautical engineering. It offers programs that start from an undergraduate level and continue up to a Master's equivalent in engineering.

3. ISAE-SUPAERO Undergraduate Program

  • Location: Toulouse

  • Overview: While ISAE-SUPAERO is renowned for its graduate programs in aerospace engineering, it also offers preparatory classes and has partnerships with other institutions that lead into its graduate programs.

4. ENAC (École Nationale de l'Aviation Civile)

  • Location: Toulouse

  • Overview: ENAC offers various programs related to aeronautics and aviation, including a Bachelor's degree in International Air Transport System Engineering and Operations. This program is more focused on the operational and management aspects of air transport but includes foundational engineering education.

5. International Programs and Partnerships

Some French institutions have international partnerships allowing for dual degrees or programs where you can start your education in France and finish abroad, or vice versa. These can sometimes offer paths into aerospace engineering fields at the Bachelor level.

Looking for Programs in English

While the traditional path to aeronautical engineering in France might involve studies in French, there are increasing options for English-taught programs due to the international nature of the aerospace industry. However, these are more commonly found at the Master’s level. For undergraduate programs, it is advisable to have some proficiency in French or to be prepared to undertake intensive French language courses.

Alternative Options

Students interested in starting their aeronautical engineering studies in France might also consider enrolling in a related Bachelor's program, such as mechanical engineering, with the intention of specializing in aeronautics at the Master's level. This approach can provide a solid foundation in engineering principles while still aligning with long-term goals in aerospace.

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Eligibility Criteria for Bachelor in Aeronautical Engineering in France

1. Academic Qualifications

  • High School Diploma: Applicants must have completed their secondary education and possess a high school diploma that is recognized as equivalent to the French Baccalauréat. This includes international baccalaureate or equivalent national diplomas.

  • Strong Background in Science and Mathematics: Since aeronautical engineering is a discipline deeply rooted in physics and mathematics, applicants are expected to have a strong background in these subjects. Schools may specify minimum grades or levels of achievement in these areas.

2. Language Proficiency

  • French Language: For programs taught in French, non-native speakers will typically need to demonstrate their proficiency in the French language. The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) level B2 is commonly required. This can be proven through standardized tests like the DELF or DALF.

  • English Language: If the program or certain courses are offered in English, non-native English speakers may need to demonstrate English language proficiency through tests such as TOEFL, IELTS, or equivalent, depending on the institution's requirements.

3. Entrance Exams and Interviews

Some schools may require applicants to pass specific entrance exams that test their knowledge in mathematics, physics, and possibly English or French. Additionally, an interview process may be part of the selection criteria, either conducted in person or remotely.

4. Application Materials

  • Application Form: Completion of the application form provided by the institution.

  • Academic Transcripts: Official transcripts from your high school and any post-secondary institutions attended.

  • Letters of Recommendation: Letters from teachers or professionals familiar with your academic and personal qualifications.

  • Statement of Purpose: A personal essay explaining why you wish to study aeronautical engineering, your career goals, and why you are applying to the particular institution.

  • CV/Resume: Some schools may request a CV or resume detailing your academic achievements, extracurricular activities, and any work experience.

5. Visa and Residence Permit

For non-EU/EEA students, obtaining a student visa is a necessary step. This process typically requires proof of admission from a French institution, proof of financial means to support yourself during your studies (about €615 per month), health insurance, and accommodation arrangements in France.

6. Financial Proof

Proof of financial resources to cover tuition fees (if applicable) and living expenses in France. Some institutions may offer scholarships or financial aid to international students, which can also be considered as part of the financial proof.

Application Process

The application process for international students can vary:

  • Direct Application: Some institutions allow direct applications from international students for their programs.

  • Campus France: For many institutions, international students need to go through the Campus France procedure, which streamlines the process of applying to French higher education institutions.

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Course Duration of Bachelor in Aeronautical Engineering in France

Bachelor's Degree Duration

  • Standard Duration: The typical duration for a Bachelor's degree in France, including those in engineering disciplines, is three years. This aligns with the Bologna Process, making European higher education qualifications more comparable and compatible.

  • Aeronautical Engineering Specifics: Given the specialized nature of aeronautical engineering, students might not find many undergraduate programs solely dedicated to this field in English. However, programs that do exist in aeronautical or aerospace engineering, or related areas, generally follow the three-year structure.

Pathway to Engineering Degrees

  • Integrated Programs: Some institutions offer integrated programs that start with a three-year Bachelor-level foundation leading directly into a two-year Master's level "Diplôme d'Ingénieur" program in aeronautical engineering. In these cases, the entire educational pathway would take five years.

  • Preparatory Classes (Classes Préparatoires): Another common route for students aiming for an engineering degree in France is to spend two years in "classes préparatoires aux grandes écoles" (preparatory classes) after high school, followed by three years in an engineering school. While this path is more common for French students, it’s available to international students proficient in French.

Considerations for International Students

  • Language of Instruction: If you are looking for courses taught in English, the options for Bachelor's programs may be more limited, and the availability of aeronautical engineering courses specifically in English at the Bachelor level is even rarer. Most engineering schools offer programs in French, especially at the undergraduate level.

  • Transition to Master's: For many students interested in aeronautical engineering, starting with a Bachelor’s degree in a closely related field (like mechanical engineering) and then specializing in aeronautics at the Master’s level is a common pathway.

Adapting to the French System

  • Learning French: Even if you start your education in an English-taught program, learning French will be beneficial for your day-to-day life in France and for internships or employment opportunities within the French aerospace industry.

  • Cultural Integration: Understanding and adapting to the French educational culture, which emphasizes independence, critical thinking, and a theoretical approach to engineering, can enhance your educational experience.

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Online Bachelor in Aeronautical Engineering in France

Considerations for Online Engineering Degrees:

  • Accreditation: For any online engineering program, accreditation is a key factor to consider. Accredited programs meet specific industry standards and are more likely to be recognized by employers and other educational institutions for further studies.

  • Practical Experience: Engineering disciplines heavily rely on practical skills. Online programs may offer simulations, virtual labs, or require local internships to mitigate the lack of hands-on lab experience.

  • International Recognition: If you're considering an online degree from a French institution (or any international program), it's important to verify how the degree will be recognized in your home country or by potential international employers.

Alternatives and Supplementary Options:

  • Hybrid Programs: Some institutions might offer hybrid programs that combine online coursework with periodic in-person sessions or labs. These can provide a balance between the flexibility of online learning and the benefits of hands-on experience.

  • MOOCs and Online Courses: While a full Bachelor’s degree may not be available online, there are numerous Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) and specialized online courses offered by reputable institutions in aerospace engineering topics. These can be excellent resources for learning specific skills or supplementing formal education.

  • Master’s Programs: If you're already holding a Bachelor's degree in a related field, you might find more online or distance learning options at the Master's level, including in aerospace engineering and related specializations.

Steps to Finding Online Programs:

1. Research: Directly check the websites of French engineering schools and universities for the most current program offerings and any potential new online or hybrid programs.

2. Consult Campus France: Campus France is a government agency that promotes French higher education and assists international students. They can provide guidance and potentially suggest programs that fit your criteria.

3. Professional Associations: Organizations such as the European Society for Engineering Education (SEFI) or the French Society of Aerospace Engineers (3AF) might offer resources or recommendations for pursuing engineering education, including online options.

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Intakes & Application Deadlines for Bachelor in Aeronautical Engineering in France

General Timeline for EU/EEA Students:

  • Application Opening: For the September intake, applications usually open around November or December of the preceding year.

  • Application Deadline: Deadlines can range from January to March for the following academic year starting in September.

EU/EEA students often apply through the same system as French students, which may involve platforms like "Parcoursup" for first-year undergraduate admissions.

General Timeline for Non-EU/EEA Students:

  • "Studying in France" Procedure: Non-EU/EEA students often need to follow the "Studying in France" procedure managed by Campus France. This process is mandatory for students from countries that are part of the "Etudes en France" procedure.

  • Application Opening: The application period for this procedure typically starts in October or November of the year before the intended start date.

  • Application Deadline: Deadlines can be as early as January or February for the academic year starting in September. It's crucial to check the specific deadlines applicable to your situation as they can vary by country and institution.

Direct Applications to Institutions:

Some institutions may allow or require direct applications, especially for international students from countries not covered by the "Studying in France" procedure.

  • Deadlines: For direct applications, deadlines can vary widely but are generally around the same timeframe, from January to March or April for the September intake. Some schools may have later deadlines or multiple intake periods, but this is less common for Bachelor's programs.

Important Considerations:

  • Preparation: Begin preparing your application well in advance of the deadline. This includes gathering necessary documents such as transcripts, letters of recommendation, personal statements, proof of language proficiency, and any required test scores.

  • Language Tests: If you need to prove your proficiency in French (e.g., TCF, DELF, DALF) or English (e.g., TOEFL, IELTS), make sure to schedule these exams well in advance, as test dates can fill up quickly and scores take time to process.

  • Visa Application: For non-EU/EEA students, remember that obtaining a student visa is a separate process that should be started as soon as you receive your admission letter. Visa processing times can vary, so it's important to allow ample time before the start of your program.

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Tuition Fees for Bachelor in Aeronautical Engineering in France

Public Universities

  • EU/EEA Students: Public universities in France charge relatively low tuition fees for EU/EEA students, thanks to government subsidies. The annual fees for Bachelor's programs can be around €170 to €600, but this can vary slightly depending on the university and specific program.

  • Non-EU/EEA Students: In recent years, France introduced different tuition rates for non-EU/EEA students at public universities. For Bachelor's programs, the annual fees can range from approximately €2,770 to €3,770. However, some students might be eligible for tuition fee waivers or scholarships that allow them to pay the same rate as EU/EEA students.

Private Institutions

  • General Range: Tuition fees at private institutions, including specialized engineering schools, can be significantly higher. Annual fees can range from about €6,000 to €20,000 or more, depending on the institution's prestige, program specifics, and included services or facilities.

Grandes Écoles

  • Engineering Schools (Grandes Écoles): These institutions, which include some of the top engineering schools in France, often have their own tuition rates. For EU/EEA students, fees might be similar to those of public universities, but for non-EU/EEA students, they can be substantially higher, though usually less than the highest private institution fees.

Additional Costs

  • Living Expenses: Besides tuition, living expenses in France can range from €600 to €1,200 per month, depending on the city, with Paris being at the higher end of this range.

  • Administrative Fees: Students may also need to pay certain administrative fees or contribute to student social security systems, though this has been integrated into the tuition fees for public universities.

  • Material and Lab Fees: Some programs, especially those in engineering, may have additional costs for materials, lab access, or special equipment.

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Cost of doing Bachelor in Aeronautical Engineering in France

Tuition Fees

  • Public Universities: For non-EU/EEA students, the tuition fees at public universities can range from approximately €2,770 to €3,770 per year for Bachelor’s programs.

  • Private Institutions and Grandes Écoles: Tuition can vary widely, from about €6,000 to over €20,000 per year, depending on the prestige and facilities of the institution.

Living Expenses

Living expenses in France can vary greatly depending on the city, with Paris being notably more expensive than smaller cities or towns. On average, international students can expect the following monthly costs:

  • Accommodation: €300 to €800. Prices are highest in Paris and other major cities. Student residences often offer more affordable options than private rentals.

  • Food and Groceries: €200 to €300. This can be reduced by cooking at home rather than eating out.

  • Transportation: €20 to €70. Many cities offer discounted student rates for public transport.

  • Health Insurance: About €40 per month. Students under 28 are integrated into the French healthcare system, while those older may need private insurance.

  • Miscellaneous (Entertainment, Phone, Personal Expenses): €100 to €300.

Additional Costs

  • Books and Supplies: €50 to €100 per month, though this can vary based on the program.

  • Visa and Related Costs: A student visa for France costs about €99, but there may be additional costs for related documents or travel to a consulate or embassy.

  • CVEC Fee: All students must pay the Contribution Vie Etudiante et de Campus (CVEC), around €95 per year, which goes towards student services.

Scholarships and Financial Aid

  • French Government Scholarships: Such as the Eiffel Excellence Scholarship Program, offer financial support covering tuition, a monthly allowance, and other expenses.

  • Institution-Specific Scholarships: Some universities and Grandes Écoles offer scholarships or tuition waivers for international students based on merit or financial need.

  • External Scholarships: Organizations, countries, and international bodies may offer scholarships that can be used for study in France.

Budgeting Tips

  • Accommodation: Consider student residences or shared apartments to lower costs.

  • Meals: Take advantage of university canteens (restaurants universitaires) which offer affordable meal options.

  • Transportation: Use student discounts for public transport and consider biking, a popular and inexpensive option in many French cities.

  • Entertainment: Look for student discounts on cultural activities and consider free events or attractions.

Given these considerations, the total annual cost (excluding tuition) for living and studying in France can range from approximately €7,200 to €14,400, depending on lifestyle and location. It's crucial for prospective students to research and plan for these expenses well in advance to ensure a manageable and successful study experience in France.

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Admission Process for Bachelor in Aeronautical Engineering in France

1. Research and Choose Programs

  • Identify Institutions: Start by identifying French institutions that offer Bachelor programs in Aeronautical Engineering or related fields. Consider factors such as curriculum, language of instruction, location, tuition fees, and available scholarships.

  • Check Requirements: Carefully check the admission requirements for each program, including language proficiency, academic qualifications, and any specific prerequisites.

2. Prepare Necessary Documents

Commonly required documents include:

  • Academic Transcripts: Official transcripts from your high school and any post-secondary education.

  • Diploma or Certificate of Graduation: Proof of completing your secondary education.

  • Language Proficiency Certificates: For programs taught in French (DELF, DALF, TCF) or English (IELTS, TOEFL), depending on the language of instruction.

  • Letters of Recommendation: Usually from teachers or instructors familiar with your academic performance.

  • Statement of Purpose or Motivation Letter: Explaining why you want to study aeronautical engineering and why you chose the specific institution.

  • CV/Resume: Outlining your educational background, achievements, and any relevant experience.

  • Passport-Size Photos and a Copy of Your Passport.

3. Language Preparation

  • French-Taught Programs: If you are applying for a program taught in French, achieving a B2 level of proficiency is typically required.

  • English-Taught Programs: For programs in English, you'll need to meet the English language requirements, usually demonstrated through standardized tests like the IELTS or TOEFL.

4. Application Submission

  • Direct Application: Some institutions may allow you to apply directly through their website.

  • Campus France: For many international students, the application process goes through Campus France, especially for countries involved in the "Studying in France" procedure. This platform simplifies the process of applying to multiple institutions.

5. Application Fees

  • Be prepared to pay an application fee for each program or school you apply to. Fees vary by institution.

6. Interviews and Entrance Exams

  • Some programs may require you to participate in an interview or take entrance exams as part of the admission process.

7. Acceptance and Enrollment

  • Once you receive an acceptance letter, you will need to formally accept the offer and complete any enrollment procedures specified by the institution.

  • This step often involves paying a deposit or the first installment of tuition fees to secure your spot in the program.

8. Visa Application

  • Non-EU/EEA Students: Begin your student visa application process as soon as you receive your acceptance letter. This will involve gathering additional documents and possibly attending an interview at a French consulate or embassy in your home country.

9. Preparation for Arrival

  • Housing: Arrange your accommodation. Some universities offer student housing, but it can be limited.

  • Health Insurance: Make sure you have health insurance coverage that meets French requirements.

  • Budgeting: Plan your finances, including tuition, living expenses, and additional costs.

10. CVEC Payment

  • All students must pay the Contribution à la Vie Étudiante et de Campus (CVEC) fee before enrolling in classes.


  • Start the process at least a year in advance of the intended start date to ensure ample time for preparation, application submission, and visa processing.

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Scholarships for doing Bachelor in Aeronautical Engineering in France

French Government Scholarships

1. Eiffel Excellence Scholarship Program: While primarily aimed at Master’s and Ph.D. students, some components of the Eiffel Scholarship might be applicable to engineering students in integrated programs that start at the Bachelor level and continue through to a Master’s degree. It covers various expenses including a monthly allowance, travel costs, and health insurance.

2. Campus France Scholarships: Campus France, the French national agency for the promotion of higher education, offers a searchable database of scholarships for international students wishing to study in France. These can be filtered by country of origin, level of studies, and discipline.

Educational Institution Scholarships

Many French universities and Grandes Écoles offer their own scholarships or financial aid packages for international students. These can be merit-based, need-based, or a combination of both. Examples include:

1. Excellence-Major Scholarships: Offered by AEFE (Agency for French Education Abroad) and the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs to top foreign students who have completed their secondary education in French schools abroad.

2. Institution-Specific Scholarships: Some institutions have partnerships with companies in the aerospace industry or with private foundations that provide scholarships specifically for engineering students. These opportunities may vary greatly from one institution to another, so it’s important to check directly with the school’s financial aid office or international student office.

Regional Scholarships

Some regions or cities in France offer scholarships to attract international students to their higher education institutions. These scholarships can vary widely in terms of eligibility, amount, and application procedures.

Erasmus+ Program

Although not specific to France or aeronautical engineering, the Erasmus+ program offers scholarships for international students to study in Europe. These scholarships can cover tuition fees, living expenses, and travel costs for students participating in an exchange or pursuing their entire degree in Europe.

Private Foundations and Organizations

private foundations, NGOs, and international organizations offer scholarships or grants to students studying abroad. Examples include the Rotary Foundation, Fulbright Commission (for U.S. students), and specific country-based scholarships aimed at supporting students studying in STEM fields including aeronautical engineering.

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Career after Bachelor in Aeronautical Engineering in France

1. Aerospace Engineer

  • Role: Designing, developing, and testing aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, and missiles, including work on components such as engines, airframes, and avionics.

  • Employers: Aerospace manufacturers, defense contractors, government agencies, and research organizations.

2. Systems Engineer

  • Role: Focusing on the design and management of complex engineering projects, ensuring that the integration of software, hardware, reliability, and other aspects meets all requirements.

  • Employers: Major aerospace companies, systems engineering firms, and consultancy agencies.

3. Flight Test Engineer

  • Role: Working closely with pilots to design and execute test plans for new or modified aircraft, analyzing data to ensure performance, safety, and compliance with design specifications.

  • Employers: Aircraft manufacturers, military, and some civil aviation authorities.

4. Maintenance, Repair, and Operations Engineer (MRO)

  • Role: Overseeing the maintenance and repair of aircraft and aviation equipment, ensuring they meet safety and performance standards.

  • Employers: Airlines, maintenance and repair organizations, and airports.

5. Aeronautical Consultant

  • Role: Providing expert advice on aeronautical engineering projects, including design, development, and regulatory compliance.

  • Employers: Consulting firms, aerospace companies, and government agencies.

6. Research and Development Engineer

  • Role: Innovating and developing new technologies or materials for use in aerospace applications, from propulsion systems to lightweight materials.

  • Employers: Research institutions, universities, aerospace companies.

7. Sales Engineer

  • Role: Combining technical knowledge with sales skills to provide advice and support on a range of products and services.

  • Employers: Aerospace components manufacturers, software companies serving the aerospace industry.

Further Studies and Specializations

After completing a Bachelor's degree, many graduates choose to specialize further by pursuing Master’s degrees or PhDs in fields such as aerospace engineering, space systems, avionics, or materials science. Specializing can lead to higher-level positions in research, academia, or specialized engineering roles.

Working in France and Beyond

  • In France: France’s leading position in the aerospace industry offers numerous opportunities for graduates. Fluency in French is often required for working in the country, although many large companies operate in English.

  • Internationally: A degree from a French institution, especially in aeronautical engineering, is highly regarded worldwide. Graduates can find opportunities in Europe, North America, and other regions with strong aerospace sectors.

Networking and Professional Development

  • Joining professional associations such as the 3AF (Association Aéronautique et Astronautique de France) or international organizations like AIAA (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics) can provide networking opportunities, industry insights, and professional development resources.

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