Study in Romania | Top Universities, Courses, Fees, Eligibility & Admission
Why Study in Romania
1. Quality Education: Romanian universities have a long-standing tradition of providing high-quality education. The country has a strong emphasis on academic excellence and is known for its rigorous curriculum and research opportunities. Romanian universities are recognized internationally, and many programs are taught in English, making it accessible to international students.
2. Affordable Tuition Fees: Compared to other European countries, Romania offers relatively affordable tuition fees for both undergraduate and postgraduate programs. This makes it an attractive option for students seeking quality education at a reasonable cost. Additionally, the cost of living in Romania is generally lower than in Western European countries.
3. Diverse Study Programs: Romanian universities offer a wide range of study programs across various disciplines. Whether you are interested in humanities, sciences, engineering, medicine, business, or arts, you can find suitable programs in Romania. The diverse study options allow students to pursue their academic interests and find a program that aligns with their career goals.
4. Cultural and Historical Heritage: Romania is a country with a rich cultural and historical heritage. From medieval castles and ancient ruins to vibrant cities and traditional villages, Romania offers a unique blend of history and modernity. Studying in Romania provides an opportunity to immerse yourself in this rich cultural tapestry and explore its diverse traditions, customs, and folklore.
5. Location and Travel Opportunities: Romania is situated in Eastern Europe, making it a gateway to explore other European countries. With its strategic location, students can easily travel to nearby countries such as Hungary, Bulgaria, Serbia, and Ukraine. This allows for exciting travel opportunities and the chance to experience different cultures and landscapes during your study breaks.
6. Multicultural Environment: Romania welcomes a growing number of international students each year, creating a multicultural environment on campuses. Interacting with students from different backgrounds and cultures can broaden your perspective and enhance your cross-cultural communication skills. It also provides an opportunity to establish a global network of friends and connections.
7. Scholarships and Funding: There are various scholarship opportunities available for international students in Romania. The Romanian government, as well as universities, offer scholarships and grants based on academic merit, financial need, or specific fields of study. These scholarships can help alleviate some of the financial burdens associated with studying abroad.
Education System in Romania
1. Preschool Education: Preschool education is optional in Romania but widely available. It is typically offered for children aged 3 to 6 years old and focuses on preparing them for primary school. Preschools may be state-funded or private, and the curriculum includes activities that promote socialization, cognitive development, and basic literacy skills.
2. Primary Education: Primary education, also known as "gimnaziu," is compulsory and covers grades 1 to 8. It is divided into two cycles: the first cycle includes grades 1 to 4, and the second cycle includes grades 5 to 8. The curriculum includes subjects such as Romanian language and literature, mathematics, sciences, social sciences, foreign languages (usually English or French), physical education, and arts.
3. Secondary Education: Secondary education in Romania is optional and consists of high school or "liceu." It is divided into three years: 9th, 10th, and 11th grades. At the end of high school, students take the Baccalaureate examination, which is a national exam that determines their eligibility for higher education. Students can choose between several types of high schools, including theoretical high schools, vocational high schools, or specialized high schools focused on specific fields such as arts, technology, or sports.
4. Tertiary Education: Tertiary education in Romania is provided by universities, colleges, and academies. Universities offer bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees. Higher education institutions in Romania are classified into three categories: state universities, private universities, and state-recognized universities. Many universities offer programs taught in Romanian, but there is also an increasing number of programs taught in English, especially at the master's and doctoral levels. The duration of bachelor's programs is typically three or four years, while master's programs last one or two years.
Tuition Fee & Cost of Living in Romania
Public Universities: Tuition fees at public universities in Romania are relatively affordable, especially for EU/EEA citizens. The fees are set by the Romanian Ministry of Education and typically range from around €1,000 to €5,000 per year, depending on the program and university.
Private Universities: Private universities in Romania generally have higher tuition fees compared to public institutions. The fees can vary significantly and may range from €3,000 to €10,000 or more per year.
Cost of Living:
Accommodation: The cost of accommodation can vary depending on the city and the type of accommodation chosen. In general, renting a one-bedroom apartment in a major city like Bucharest can cost around €300 to €600 per month, while shared accommodations or dormitories can be cheaper.
Utilities: Utilities such as electricity, water, heating, and internet can cost around €100 to €150 per month.
Food: The cost of food in Romania is relatively affordable. A monthly budget for groceries and eating out can range from €150 to €300, depending on individual preferences and dining habits.
Transportation: Public transportation in Romania is reasonably priced. Monthly passes for buses, trams, and metros typically range from €20 to €50, depending on the city. Taxis and ride-sharing services are also available but can be more expensive.
Other expenses: Other expenses like books and study materials, healthcare, entertainment, and personal expenses may vary. However, a monthly budget of €100 to €200 is generally considered sufficient.
Documents Required to Study in Romania
1. Application form: Complete the application form provided by the university or the Romanian Ministry of Education.
2. Proof of previous education: Submit copies of your academic transcripts and certificates from your previous educational institutions. These documents should be translated into Romanian and notarized.
3. Language proficiency: Provide proof of your language proficiency. Most universities in Romania accept English or Romanian as the language of instruction. If your program is in Romanian, you may need to pass a language proficiency test.
4. Passport: Submit a copy of your valid passport. Make sure your passport is valid for the duration of your studies in Romania.
5. Passport-sized photographs: Provide a few passport-sized photographs as per the specifications provided by the university.
6. Letter of intent: Write a letter explaining why you want to study in Romania, your academic goals, and how the program aligns with your future plans.
7. Curriculum Vitae (CV) or Resume: Prepare a comprehensive CV or resume highlighting your educational background, work experience, skills, and achievements.
8. Letters of recommendation: Obtain two or three letters of recommendation from professors or employers who can attest to your academic or professional abilities.
9. Financial documents: Provide evidence of your financial means to support yourself during your studies in Romania. This may include bank statements, scholarship letters, or sponsorship letters.
10. Health insurance: Obtain health insurance coverage that is valid in Romania. Some universities may require you to purchase a specific insurance policy.
11. Medical certificate: Submit a medical certificate issued by a licensed physician, stating that you are in good health and fit to study.
12. Visa requirements: Check the visa requirements for your country. You may need to apply for a student visa or a residence permit to study in Romania.
How to Apply to Universities in Romania
1. Research universities and programs: Start by researching universities in Romania and the programs they offer. Consider factors such as reputation, curriculum, faculty, location, and language of instruction. Make a shortlist of universities that align with your interests and goals.
2. Review admission requirements: Visit the websites of the universities you're interested in and carefully review their admission requirements for international students. Note the deadlines, required documents, language proficiency requirements, and any specific criteria for the program you wish to apply to.
3. Gather required documents: Collect all the necessary documents as per the university's requirements. This may include academic transcripts, certificates, language proficiency test scores, passport copies, photographs, letters of recommendation, statement of purpose, CV/resume, financial documents, and health insurance.
4. Complete the application form: Fill out the application form provided by the university. Ensure that you provide accurate and complete information. Some universities may have an online application system, while others may require a physical application form.
5. Prepare your documents: Make sure all your documents are in order. Translate any documents not in English or Romanian into the required language and have them notarized if necessary.
6. Submit your application: Send your application package, including all the required documents, to the university's admissions office by the specified deadline. It is advisable to send your application well in advance to avoid any last-minute issues.
7. Pay the application fee: Some universities may require an application fee. Check the university's website for information on the payment method and amount. Make the payment as instructed.
8. Track your application: Keep track of your application status. Some universities provide online portals where you can check the progress of your application. If there are any additional documents or steps required, promptly provide them to the university.
9. Wait for the decision: The university will review your application and inform you of their decision. This process may take several weeks or even months, so be patient. If you are accepted, you will receive an official acceptance letter.
10. Apply for a student visa (if necessary): If you are accepted into a program and you require a student visa to study in Romania, start the visa application process as soon as possible. Contact the Romanian embassy or consulate in your country for detailed information and instructions on the visa application procedure.
Grading System in the Universities of Romania
1.00 - 4.99: Insufficient/Fail - This grade indicates that the student did not meet the minimum requirements and has failed the course.
5.00 - 6.99: Sufficient/Pass - This grade indicates that the student has met the minimum requirements and has passed the course.
7.00 - 8.99: Good - This grade indicates above-average performance and a good understanding of the course material.
9.00 - 9.99: Very Good - This grade indicates excellent performance and a deep understanding of the course material.
10.00: Excellent - This is the highest grade and indicates exceptional performance and a comprehensive understanding of the course material.
Students life in Romania
1. Universities and Campuses: Romania is home to several reputable universities, offering a wide range of academic programs. Many universities have modern campuses with well-equipped facilities, libraries, sports centers, and student organizations.
2. Student Organizations: Romanian universities have numerous student organizations and clubs catering to various interests and hobbies. These organizations provide opportunities for socializing, networking, and pursuing extracurricular activities. You can join clubs related to sports, arts, culture, volunteering, and more.
3. Accommodation: Universities often provide on-campus accommodation options such as dormitories or student residences. These accommodations are affordable and offer a chance to live in a close-knit community. Additionally, many students also opt for private accommodations, including shared apartments or renting individual rooms.
4. Social Life: Romanian students enjoy an active social life. There are plenty of events, parties, cultural festivals, and concerts organized both on and off-campus. Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara, and other major cities are known for their vibrant nightlife, offering a wide range of entertainment options for students.
5. Cultural Experiences: Romania has a rich cultural heritage, and students have the opportunity to explore it through various cultural events and festivals. You can immerse yourself in traditional Romanian music, dance, cuisine, and folklore. The country's historical landmarks, castles, and natural beauty also offer exciting opportunities for exploration.
6. Sports and Recreation: Universities often have sports facilities where students can engage in various activities such as football, basketball, tennis, swimming, and more. Additionally, Romania's diverse landscape provides opportunities for outdoor activities like hiking, skiing, and exploring nature reserves.
7. Student Discounts and Benefits: As a student in Romania, you can often enjoy discounts on transportation, cinema tickets, cultural events, and more. Many establishments offer special deals and benefits for students, making it more affordable to explore and enjoy your time in Romania.
8. International Community: Romanian universities attract students from around the world, creating a diverse and multicultural environment. This gives you the opportunity to interact with people from different backgrounds, learn about different cultures, and build lifelong friendships.
9. Student Support Services: Universities in Romania typically have dedicated student support services that provide assistance with academic matters, career guidance, counseling, and any other student-related issues. These services are designed to help you succeed academically and make the most of your student experience.
Student Visa Requirements in Romania
1. Letter of acceptance: Obtain a letter of acceptance from a recognized Romanian university or educational institution. This letter confirms that you have been accepted into a program of study.
2. Completed visa application form: Fill out the visa application form, which can be obtained from the Romanian embassy or consulate in your home country or through their official website.
3. Passport: Ensure that your passport is valid for at least six months beyond the intended period of stay in Romania. It should also have at least two blank pages for visa issuance.
4. Passport-sized photographs: Provide recent passport-sized photographs according to the specifications provided by the Romanian embassy or consulate.
5. Proof of financial means: Demonstrate that you have sufficient funds to cover your tuition fees, living expenses, and any other costs associated with your stay in Romania. This can be in the form of bank statements, scholarship letters, or sponsorship letters.
6. Proof of accommodation: Submit evidence of your accommodation arrangements in Romania, such as a rental agreement or a letter from the university confirming your housing on campus.
7. Health insurance: Obtain comprehensive health insurance coverage that is valid in Romania for the duration of your studies. Some universities may have specific requirements regarding the type of health insurance coverage.
8. Medical certificate: Provide a medical certificate issued by a licensed physician, stating that you are in good health and free from any contagious diseases.
9. Proof of language proficiency: Depending on the language of instruction of your chosen program, you may need to provide proof of language proficiency in English or Romanian. This can be in the form of language test scores such as IELTS, TOEFL, or other recognized language proficiency exams.
10. Visa fee: Pay the required visa fee, which may vary depending on your nationality and the type of visa you are applying for. Check with the Romanian embassy or consulate for the exact fee amount and acceptable payment methods.
Part-time work option in Romania
1. Work permit: As an international student, you will need a work permit to work legally in Romania. The work permit is usually issued by the Romanian Immigration Office (Inspectoratul General pentru Imigrari). You will need to apply for the work permit with the necessary documentation, including proof of enrollment as a student.
2. Limitations on working hours: As a student, you are allowed to work part-time for a maximum of 20 hours per week during the academic year. However, during university holidays or breaks, you may work full-time.
3. Language proficiency: Proficiency in the Romanian language is often required for part-time work opportunities in Romania. Most employers prefer candidates who can communicate effectively in Romanian, especially for customer service roles or jobs that involve direct interaction with local customers.
4. Job opportunities: Part-time job opportunities for international students in Romania can include positions in areas such as hospitality, tourism, retail, call centers, language tutoring, and administrative support. It is essential to explore job boards, university career centers, local classifieds, and online platforms to find relevant job listings.
5. Financial considerations: Part-time work may provide some financial support for living expenses, but it's important to consider that it may not cover the entire cost of your studies and living in Romania. It's advisable to have sufficient funds for your education and living expenses before considering part-time work as a source of income.
6. Work during internships: Some study programs in Romania may include mandatory or optional internships as part of the curriculum. These internships can provide valuable work experience related to your field of study and may be a good opportunity to gain practical skills.
7. Work visa and residence permit: If you hold a valid student visa or residence permit, you are generally allowed to work part-time alongside your studies. However, it's important to confirm the specific regulations with the Romanian Immigration Office to ensure compliance with the law.
8. Work-life balance: While working part-time can be beneficial, it's crucial to maintain a balance between work and studies. Ensure that your work commitments do not interfere with your academic progress and prioritize your studies as the main focus during your time as a student in Romania.
Work Visa and PR in Romania
1. Job offer: Secure a job offer from a Romanian employer. The employer will need to provide supporting documents regarding the job position, your qualifications, and the need to hire a foreign worker.
2. Work permit: The employer applies for a work permit on your behalf at the Romanian Immigration Office (Inspectoratul General pentru Imigrari). The application should include documents such as the employment contract, proof of qualifications, and proof of financial capacity.
3. Visa application: Once the work permit is approved, you can apply for a long-stay work visa at the Romanian embassy or consulate in your home country. The required documents usually include a valid passport, application form, work permit, employment contract, and proof of accommodation in Romania.
4. Visa approval: If your application is approved, you will receive the long-stay work visa, which allows you to enter Romania and work legally for the duration specified on the visa.
Permanent Residence (PR):
1. Eligibility criteria: To be eligible for PR in Romania, you generally need to fulfill certain criteria, such as having lived in Romania continuously for a certain number of years, holding a valid residence permit, and demonstrating sufficient financial means and integration into Romanian society.
2. Temporary Residence Permit (TRP): Initially, you may need to obtain a TRP, which is typically valid for a specific duration, such as one year. The TRP allows you to legally reside and work in Romania during that period.
3. PR application: After fulfilling the required period of continuous residence in Romania, you can apply for PR. The specific time requirement for eligibility can vary, but it is generally several years of uninterrupted residence with a valid TRP.
4. PR documentation: When applying for PR, you will need to provide supporting documents such as a valid passport, completed application form, proof of continuous residence, proof of financial means, and evidence of integration into Romanian society (such as language proficiency, employment history, or community involvement).
5. Application submission and processing: Submit your PR application to the Romanian Immigration Office. The application will be reviewed, and you may be required to attend an interview or provide additional documentation. The processing time can vary, but it generally takes several months.
6. PR approval: If your application is approved, you will receive a PR card, which grants you the right to reside and work in Romania indefinitely, subject to certain conditions.