Study in Turkey

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Study in Turkey | Top Universities, Courses, Fees, Eligibility & Admission

Why Study in Turkey

  1. Rich Historical and Cultural Heritage: Turkey is a country with a deep history and a unique position at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. This makes it a living classroom for students interested in history, politics, archaeology, and cultural studies. Cities like Istanbul, with its historic sites and vibrant cultural scene, offer a fascinating environment for students.

  2. Quality Education: Many Turkish universities have gained recognition for their academic standards. Turkey has been investing heavily in higher education, with numerous universities ranking well internationally. Fields such as engineering, medicine, and humanities are particularly strong.

  3. Affordability: Compared to many Western countries, Turkey offers lower tuition fees and a lower cost of living, which can make it an economically attractive option for international students.

  4. Strategic Location: Turkey's location provides a gateway to both Europe and Asia. For students interested in international business, trade, or diplomacy, studying in Turkey offers a strategic advantage by providing insight into diverse business practices and cultures.

  5. Scholarship Opportunities: The Turkish government and various private institutions offer numerous scholarships to international students, which often include not only tuition waivers but also accommodation, health insurance, and a monthly allowance.

  6. Modern Amenities and Resources: Turkish universities are equipped with modern facilities, extensive libraries, advanced research centers, and state-of-the-art technology, making them appealing for international students looking for quality education facilities.

  7. Vibrant Student Life: Turkey hosts a large number of international students, which makes for a vibrant, diverse, and inclusive campus life. Students can enjoy various cultural festivals, social activities, and sports, which enrich the study abroad experience.

  8. Language: While many programs are offered in Turkish, an increasing number of universities now provide courses and even whole programs in English, especially at the graduate level. This makes it more accessible to international students who may not speak Turkish.

  9. Post-Graduation Opportunities: Students often have opportunities to stay in Turkey after graduation, particularly if they are skilled in sectors that are in high demand. The country's growing economy offers numerous job opportunities for qualified graduates.

  10. Natural Beauty and Travel Opportunities: Turkey's diverse landscapes range from stunning coastlines to mountain ranges, providing plenty of opportunities for travel and outdoor activities. Living in Turkey can be a delightful experience for those who enjoy exploring new cultures and natural environments.

Universities in Turkey

Education System in Turkey

1. Pre-Primary Education

Pre-primary education is optional in Turkey and includes any form of education for children aged 36-66 months. This stage focuses on preparing children for primary education by promoting their physical, mental, and social development.

2. Primary Education

Primary education is compulsory for all children starting at age 6 or 7 and lasts for four years (1st to 4th grade). This stage provides basic education covering Turkish language, mathematics, science, social studies, and foreign languages, among others.

3. Middle School

Following primary school, middle school (also compulsory) lasts another four years (5th to 8th grade). The curriculum becomes more diverse, with increased emphasis on analytical thinking and problem-solving skills across various subjects.

4. Secondary Education

Secondary education also spans four years (9th to 12th grade). Students can choose between general high schools, vocational and technical high schools, and religious vocational schools (İmam Hatip schools), depending on their interests and career plans. General high schools prepare students for higher education, while vocational schools focus on specific job skills.

5. Higher Education

Higher education in Turkey is provided by universities and other post-secondary institutions. Admission is competitive and generally requires passing a central university entrance exam known as YKS (Higher Education Institutions Examination). Turkish universities offer associate’s degrees, bachelor’s degrees, master’s degrees, and doctoral degrees. There is a significant emphasis on research and innovation, especially in state universities.

Other Aspects of the Turkish Education System:

  • Academic Calendar: Typically, the school year in Turkey starts in September and ends in June, divided into two semesters.

  • Language of Instruction: The primary language of instruction is Turkish. However, there are increasing opportunities to study in English, particularly at the university level.

  • Assessment and Examination: Student assessment varies by educational stage but generally includes both written exams and continuous assessment in the form of projects and homework.

  • Regulatory Bodies: The Ministry of National Education (Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı) oversees pre-primary, primary, middle, and secondary education, while the Council of Higher Education (YÖK) is responsible for higher education.

Study in Turkey for Indian and International Students

Why Turkey?

  • Cultural Richness: Studying in Turkey offers exposure to a nation that straddles two continents, Europe and Asia, providing a unique blend of cultures, traditions, and histories.

  • Quality Education: Turkish universities are climbing in global rankings with investments in quality education and research infrastructure.

  • Cost-Effective: Compared to many Western countries, studying in Turkey is relatively affordable in terms of both tuition fees and living expenses.

  • Strategic Location: Turkey’s geographical position provides students easy access to both European and Asian countries, ideal for students keen on exploring surrounding regions.

  • Diverse Programs in English: More universities in Turkey are offering programs in English, particularly in fields like engineering, business, and international relations.

Admission Process

  1. Choose a Program: Research and select a program that fits your academic and career goals. Programs are offered at various levels, including undergraduate, masters, and Ph.D.

  2. Meet the Requirements: Typically, international students need to have completed their secondary education with a certificate equivalent to the Turkish high school diploma. For higher education, universities might require specific exams like SAT, ACT, GRE, GMAT, or proof of English proficiency (TOEFL or IELTS).

  3. Application: Applications can usually be done online directly through the university’s official website or through specific platforms designated for international students.

  4. Entrance Exams: Some universities might require you to take a university-specific entrance exam or the national university entrance exam (YKS), depending on the program.

Visa Requirements

  • Student Visa: Indian and other international students must obtain a student visa from the nearest Turkish embassy or consulate in their home country. The process involves submitting an acceptance letter from the university, proof of financial resources, health insurance, and a valid passport.

Living in Turkey

  • Cost of Living: The cost of living in Turkey is relatively low. Students might need between $400 and $800 per month to cover living expenses, depending on the city.

  • Accommodation: Universities often provide dormitories, which are the most economical option. Alternatively, students can rent apartments.

  • Culture and Language: While Turkish is the national language, English is widely used in universities, especially in graduate programs. Nonetheless, learning some Turkish can be beneficial for daily interactions and integration.

  • Healthcare: Students are required to have health insurance that covers them throughout their stay in Turkey.


  • Turkish Government Scholarships: The Turkish government offers scholarships to international students from all over the world to study at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Scholarships usually cover tuition fees, accommodation, health insurance, and a monthly stipend.

  • University Scholarships: Many Turkish universities also offer their own scholarships, which can be merit-based or need-based.

Career Opportunities

  • Work During Study: International students are allowed to work in Turkey while studying, but there are some restrictions and it generally requires obtaining a work permit.

  • Post-Graduation Opportunities: After graduation, there are opportunities to stay in Turkey and work, especially for those who have graduated from fields in high demand.

Top Courses to Study in Turkey

1. Engineering and Technology

Turkish universities are well-regarded for their engineering programs, including civil, mechanical, electrical, chemical, and computer engineering. The focus on technology and innovation makes these programs attractive to students aiming for careers in cutting-edge industries.

2. Business and Management

Business studies in Turkey are designed to integrate the dynamic and globally interconnected nature of modern business. Programs often include partnerships with international businesses and opportunities for internships. MBA programs in Turkey, in particular, attract many international students due to their quality and relatively lower cost compared to Western Europe and North America.

3. Medicine

Medical education in Turkey is of high quality, with rigorous training and extensive clinical practice. The programs are long, typically lasting six years, but they prepare graduates thoroughly for careers in medicine and healthcare. Some of the medical schools also have hospitals affiliated with them, enhancing practical learning opportunities.

4. Architecture and Urban Planning

Due to its rich historical heritage and rapid modernization, Turkey offers unique opportunities for students in architecture and urban planning. Programs focus on a mix of historical preservation and modern urban development, preparing students to address the challenges in both areas.

5. International Relations and Political Science

Given its strategic location at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, Turkey is a significant player in international politics. Programs in international relations, political science, and regional studies provide students with deep insights into the geopolitical dynamics of the region.

6. Tourism and Hospitality Management

Turkey's thriving tourism industry makes it an excellent place for studies in tourism and hospitality management. Students can benefit from hands-on learning and real-world experience in one of the world's most visited countries.

7. Arts and Cultural Studies

For those interested in arts and culture, Turkish universities offer strong programs in fields like history, cultural studies, fine arts, and archaeology. The country's rich history and cultural diversity provide an enriching backdrop for studies in these fields.

8. Computer Science and Information Technology

As with many countries, Turkey has a growing tech industry, and there is significant demand for experts in IT and computer science. Programs often include software development, cybersecurity, and artificial intelligence.

9. Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

With growing environmental concerns globally, Turkish universities are increasingly focusing on environmental science, sustainability, and renewable energy studies, preparing students to tackle pressing global challenges.

10. Law

Legal studies in Turkey can be intriguing due to the country's unique legal system that blends European and Middle Eastern influences. Law programs often focus on national law but also offer insights into international law and comparative legal studies.

Study in Turkey for Free

1. Turkish Government Scholarships

The Turkish government offers a comprehensive scholarship program called Türkiye Scholarships, which is aimed at international students from all over the world. These scholarships not only cover tuition fees but also provide a range of benefits including:

  • Free accommodation

  • Monthly stipend

  • Health insurance

  • Turkish language course (one year)

  • Return flight ticket

2. University Scholarships

Many Turkish universities offer their own scholarships to attract talented international students. These scholarships can range from partial to full tuition waivers and may also include other perks like monthly allowances and housing. It’s important to check the specific scholarship options available at the universities you are interested in, as each institution will have its own set of offerings and criteria.

  • Bilkent University and Koç University are known for offering generous scholarships to international students, including full tuition waivers and living stipends.

  • Sabanci University and Özyeğin University also offer a variety of scholarships to international undergraduates and graduates.

3. Research Grants and Fellowships

For graduate students, especially those pursuing master's and doctoral degrees, there are opportunities to receive funding through research grants or fellowships. These are often linked to specific research projects and require the student to work under the supervision of a faculty member on relevant research. This type of funding is more common in scientific and technological fields.

4. Work-Study Programs

Some universities in Turkey offer work-study programs, allowing students to work part-time on campus in various roles. These positions might provide students with a small income to help cover living expenses, though they typically won't cover all educational costs.

5. Cost Management

Even if studying for free isn't fully possible, managing your costs effectively can make studying in Turkey highly affordable. Living in smaller cities or towns rather than Istanbul or Ankara can significantly reduce your living expenses. Additionally, many universities offer affordable or even free housing options for international students.

Application Tips

  • Start Early: Begin your search for scholarships and applications at least a year in advance. This gives you ample time to gather all necessary documents and prepare for any required exams.

  • Meet the Requirements: Make sure you meet all eligibility requirements for scholarships, including language proficiency tests if required.

  • Apply Widely: Don't limit your applications to just one scholarship or university. Apply to several to increase your chances of receiving funding.

Turkish Course in Turkey

1. University Language Programs

Many Turkish universities offer Turkish language courses designed for international students. These courses are often part of the preparatory schools or language centers associated with the universities. Programs may range from short-term intensive courses to full semester courses, depending on the university.

  • TÖMER (Turkish and Foreign Languages Research and Application Center): Originally part of Ankara University, TÖMER is one of the most recognized centers for learning Turkish. It offers extensive Turkish language programs at various levels and has branches in many major Turkish cities.

  • Istanbul University Language Center: Offers comprehensive Turkish language courses that can be taken alongside degree studies or as standalone courses.

  • Bogaziçi University School of Foreign Languages: Known for its high-quality language programs, including Turkish courses for beginners to advanced learners.

2. Private Language Schools

Besides universities, there are numerous private language schools throughout Turkey that offer Turkish language courses. These schools often provide flexible scheduling options, including evening and weekend classes, which are ideal for working professionals. Schools such as Turkish Language Center and Royal Turkish Schools offer immersive language learning experiences in cities like Istanbul, Izmir, and Antalya.

3. Summer Schools

Some universities and language institutes offer summer school programs focused on Turkish language and culture. These are typically short-term courses that last anywhere from two to eight weeks and often include cultural excursions along with language instruction.

4. Online Courses

For those who wish to start learning Turkish before arriving in Turkey, several online platforms and universities offer online Turkish courses. Once in Turkey, students can then transition to more advanced levels or continue their learning in a classroom setting.

5. Cultural Immersion Programs

Programs that combine language learning with cultural immersion are particularly effective. These might include homestays, cultural workshops, and guided tours alongside formal language classes. This approach not only enhances language skills but also helps in understanding the cultural nuances of Turkey.

Registration and Costs

  • Registration: To enroll in a Turkish language course, you typically need to apply directly to the institution offering the course. Many university programs start at the beginning of each semester, while private schools may have rolling admissions.

  • Costs: Costs can vary widely based on the institution and the length of the program. University courses might cost between $300 to $800 for a semester, whereas private schools might charge more depending on the intensity and duration of the course.

Visa Requirements

For longer study periods, an appropriate visa may be required. For short courses, a tourist visa might suffice, but it is essential to check the specific requirements based on your country of origin and the length of your stay.

Study in Ankara

Leading Universities in Ankara

  1. Middle East Technical University (METU)

    • Reputation: Known globally for its engineering and natural sciences programs, METU consistently ranks as one of the top universities in Turkey.

    • Programs: Offers a wide range of undergraduate and graduate programs in English, particularly strong in engineering, administrative sciences, and arts and sciences.

  2. Ankara University

    • Reputation: One of the oldest institutions in Turkey, known for its strong emphasis on law, political science, and history.

    • Programs: Provides a comprehensive range of programs at all academic levels, with extensive research and learning facilities.

  3. Bilkent University

    • Reputation: Turkey's first private, non-profit university, known for high academic standards and an international teaching body.

    • Programs: Offers programs taught entirely in English, with strong faculties in business administration, engineering, arts, and social sciences.

  4. Hacettepe University

    • Reputation: Highly regarded for its medical faculties and health sciences programs.

    • Programs: Also offers robust programs in science, engineering, social sciences, and humanities.

  5. Gazi University

    • Reputation: Known for its education in technical education, arts, and sciences.

    • Programs: Extensive range of programs including engineering, architecture, education, and communication.

Student Life in Ankara

  • Cultural and Social Life: As the capital city, Ankara hosts numerous embassies, art galleries, theaters, and museums, providing students with plenty of cultural enrichment opportunities. The city is also known for its vibrant cafe culture and has numerous parks and recreational areas.

  • Cost of Living: Living expenses in Ankara are generally more affordable than in Istanbul. This includes housing, food, transportation, and entertainment.

  • Housing: Students can choose from university dormitories, which are relatively cheaper, or private accommodation. Many universities also help international students find suitable housing.

  • Transportation: Ankara offers an efficient public transportation network, including buses, a metro system, and suburban trains, making it easy for students to navigate the city affordably.

Academic Calendar and Language

  • Academic Calendar: The academic year in Turkey typically starts in September and ends in June, divided into two semesters.

  • Language: While Turkish is the main language of instruction in many programs, an increasing number of programs, especially at the graduate level, are offered in English, particularly in these leading universities.

Application Process

  1. Choose a Program: Research and select programs that align with your academic and career goals.

  2. Admission Requirements: These vary between universities but generally include transcripts, a diploma, language proficiency test scores (English or Turkish), and entrance exams for some programs.

  3. Visa and Residence Permits: International students need to obtain a student visa before entering Turkey, followed by a residence permit once in the country.

Scholarships and Funding

Many universities in Ankara offer scholarships to international students, including tuition waivers, monthly stipends, and accommodation support. The Turkish government also offers several scholarships, such as the Türkiye Scholarships, which are available to international students at all academic levels.

Tuition Fee & Cost of Living in Turkey

Tuition Fees

Tuition fees in Turkey vary significantly depending on the type of institution (public vs. private) and the program of study. Here’s a general breakdown:

  1. Public Universities:

    • Undergraduate Programs: Approximately $240 - $750 USD per year for international students.

    • Master’s and PhD Programs: Approximately $300 - $800 USD per year.

  2. Private Universities:

    • Fees can range much higher than public universities, typically from about $6,000 to $20,000 USD per year depending on the program and university.

English-taught programs may sometimes have higher fees than those taught in Turkish. It’s also important to note that fields like medicine and engineering may have higher tuition costs even at public universities.

Cost of Living

The cost of living in Turkey is relatively low, but it can vary depending on the city and your lifestyle. Here are some typical monthly expenses you might encounter:

  • Accommodation:

    • University Dormitories: Typically range from $100 to $200 USD per month.

    • Private Rentals: For a one-bedroom apartment in city centers, expect to pay about $150 to $400 USD per month, while outside city centers it could be between $100 and $300 USD.

  • Food and Groceries:

    • Monthly grocery bills can range from $100 to $150 USD.

    • Dining out can be quite affordable with meals at inexpensive restaurants costing around $3 to $5 USD.

  • Transportation:

    • Local transportation (buses, metro) is very affordable, with monthly passes typically costing around $15 to $25 USD.

  • Other Expenses (entertainment, personal care, etc.): Can range from $100 to $200 USD per month.

Total Monthly Budget

Overall, a student might need between $400 and $800 USD per month to cover living expenses in Turkey, excluding tuition. The lower end of this range is possible in smaller cities or towns, while the higher end might be more typical in major cities like Istanbul or Ankara.

Scholarships and Financial Aid

To help manage these costs, international students can apply for various scholarships offered by Turkish universities and the Turkish government. The most notable among them is the Türkiye Scholarships, which cover not only tuition fees but also provide a monthly stipend, health insurance, accommodation, and travel expenses.

Eligibility and Admission Requirements to Study in Turkey

Undergraduate Programs

  1. High School Diploma:

    • You must have completed your secondary education in your home country. Turkish universities often require an equivalent to the Turkish high school diploma. An international diploma such as the IB, A-levels, or a national high school diploma with good academic standing typically suffices.

  2. Entrance Examinations:

    • Some universities require scores from university-specific entrance exams or standardized tests such as the SAT or ACT. However, not all universities demand these, and requirements can vary.

  3. Language Proficiency:

    • Turkish Programs: If the program is taught in Turkish, you’ll need to prove your proficiency in Turkish, usually by passing a test like the TÖMER test offered by Ankara University or equivalent.

    • English Programs: For programs taught in English, a TOEFL or IELTS score is generally necessary. The minimum score required can vary by program and university.

  4. Application Form and Fee:

    • You will need to fill out an application form and submit it along with a non-refundable application fee (if applicable).

  5. Other Documents:

    • These might include letters of recommendation, a statement of purpose, and copies of your passport and other identification documents.

Graduate Programs (Masters and PhD)

  1. Bachelor’s Degree:

    • You must hold a bachelor’s degree or its equivalent if you are applying for a master’s program. For PhD programs, a master’s degree is typically required.

  2. Transcripts:

    • Detailed records of your previous academic work are necessary to showcase your academic performance.

  3. Graduate Entrance Examinations:

    • Depending on the field of study and the university, you might need GRE, GMAT, or other relevant test scores.

  4. Language Proficiency:

    • Similar to undergraduate requirements, proficiency in the language of instruction (Turkish or English) is necessary. Specific tests and score requirements will depend on the university and program.

  5. Research Proposal (especially for PhD):

    • A detailed research proposal is usually required for doctoral programs and sometimes for master’s programs, outlining your research interests and intended research plans.

  6. Letters of Recommendation:

    • Usually, two or three letters are required, typically from academic advisors or professors familiar with your academic performance.

  7. CV/Resume:

    • A detailed CV or resume outlining your educational background, work experience, publications, and other relevant activities is required.

Application Process

  • Timing: Applications for fall intake usually start in late winter or early spring, but deadlines can vary significantly between universities.

  • Centralized Application Portals: Some Turkish universities allow you to apply through centralized systems like the "Student Selection and Placement Center" (ÖSYM), while others require direct application to the university.

  • Interviews: Some programs may require an interview, either in person or online, as part of the application process.

Scholarship to Study in Turkey 

1. Türkiye Scholarships

  • Full tuition fee

  • A monthly stipend (amount varies by study level)

  • Free accommodation

  • One-year Turkish language course

  • Health insurance

  • Return flight ticket

2. University Specific Scholarships

  • Bilkent University: Offers full and partial scholarships to undergraduate and graduate students based on academic merit.

  • Koç University: Provides scholarships that cover tuition, housing, and a monthly stipend for master’s and PhD students.

  • Sabancı University: Offers merit-based scholarships to international students at both undergraduate and graduate levels.

3. Jean Monnet Scholarship Program

This program is specifically aimed at promoting EU studies in Turkey and is open to candidates who wish to study in the field of European Union studies. It covers academic expenses and provides a monthly allowance during the study period.

4. Success Scholarships

Success Scholarships are provided by the Turkish government to international students already studying in Turkey based on their academic performance. The scholarship includes a monthly stipend but does not cover tuition fees.

5. Research Scholarships

For those interested in research, there are opportunities like the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK) scholarships for international researchers coming to Turkey to undertake their doctoral studies or post-doctoral research.

Application Tips

  • Research Early: Start looking for scholarships as early as possible. Each scholarship has its own deadline and requirements.

  • Prepare Documents: Make sure you have all your documents ready and translated into English or Turkish as required. Commonly required documents include academic transcripts, letters of recommendation, a statement of purpose, and proof of language proficiency.

  • Apply for Multiple Scholarships: Don’t limit yourself to one scholarship. Apply for any that you are eligible for to increase your chances of receiving funding.

Intake to Study in Turkey

Intake Season

Application Period

Admission Deadline

Semester Start


February to May

June to July

Late September


September to November


Early February


Top 30 Universities in Turkey with description and available course Program

University Name


Notable Programs

Middle East Technical University (METU)

Known for its strong emphasis on research and engineering.

Engineering, Natural Sciences, Social Sciences

Bilkent University

Turkey's first private, non-profit university, known for its intensive research and academic excellence.

Business, Engineering, Fine Arts, Law, Music, Economics

Bogaziçi University

One of the most prestigious universities, with a strong emphasis on liberal arts.

Arts and Sciences, Economics, Engineering, Education

Koç University

Known for its substantial investment in research and its international partnerships.

Medicine, Engineering, Business, Law

Hacettepe University

Renowned for its medical programs and health sciences.

Medicine, Pharmacy, Dentistry, Engineering

Istanbul University

One of the oldest universities in Turkey, known for its comprehensive range of programs.

Humanities, Law, Sciences, Engineering

Sabancı University

Known for innovative teaching and a strong focus on research.

Engineering and Natural Sciences, Arts and Social Sciences, Business

Istanbul Technical University (ITU)

A leader in technical education and engineering studies in Turkey.

Engineering, Architecture, Maritime, Urban Planning

Ankara University

Offers a broad range of programs and has a strong focus on law and political science.

Law, Political Science, Medicine, Agriculture

Çukurova University

Known for its agricultural and engineering research.

Agriculture, Engineering, Medicine

Ege University

Strong in sciences and health-related fields.

Medicine, Pharmacy, Agriculture, Arts

Gazi University

Has a diverse array of programs, including education and engineering.

Engineering, Education, Communication

Yıldız Technical University

Specializes in technical sciences and engineering, with a strong urban focus.

Engineering, Architecture, Arts and Design

Istanbul Bilgi University

Known for its liberal arts approach and strong law and communication programs.

Law, Communication, Business, Arts

Ozyegin University

A newer university known for its entrepreneurial spirit and innovation.

Business, Engineering, Hospitality Management

Istanbul Sehir University

Focuses on humanities, sociology, and international relations.

Humanities, History, Political Science, Engineering

Bahçeşehir University

Strong international connections and a wide range of English-taught programs.

Business, Engineering, Communication, Law

Kadir Has University

Known for arts, design, and communications with state-of-the-art facilities.

Art and Design, Communications, Engineering, Law

Atılım University

Known for its engineering and business faculties with an emphasis on technology.

Engineering, Business, Aviation

Izmir University of Economics

Specializes in economics and business with a strong emphasis on international relations.

Economics, Business, Design, Computer Science

TOBB University of Economics and Technology

Strong focus on economics and technological research with industry partnerships.

Engineering, Economics, Political Science

Marmara University

A comprehensive university with a strong focus on European and regional studies.

European Studies, Business, Law, Medicine

Dokuz Eylül University

Known for its marine sciences and medicine programs.

Marine Science, Medicine, Law, Business

Uludağ University

Offers a wide range of programs with notable strengths in medicine and automotive engineering.

Medicine, Engineering, Forestry

Yeditepe University

Offers extensive programs in healthcare, business, and engineering.

Dentistry, Medicine, Business, Engineering

Akdeniz University

Known for tourism, medicine, and agriculture programs, reflecting the region's strengths.

Medicine, Tourism, Agriculture

Başkent University

Strong in health sciences and medical research, with various specialized hospitals.

Medicine, Health Sciences, Engineering

Pamukkale University

Noted for engineering and architectural design programs.

Engineering, Architecture, Medicine

Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University

Emphasizes agricultural and marine sciences.

Agriculture, Marine Sciences, Education

Aksaray University

Focuses on agricultural research and veterinary sciences.

Veterinary, Engineering, Agriculture


Top 20 Universities in Ankara with description and available course Program

University Name


Notable Programs

Middle East Technical University (METU)

Renowned for its rigorous engineering and natural sciences programs, with a strong emphasis on research.

Engineering, Natural Sciences, Social Sciences

Ankara University

One of the oldest universities in Turkey, known for its law, language, history, and medicine programs.

Law, Political Science, Medicine, Agriculture

Hacettepe University

Prominent for its medical schools and health sciences, along with strong offerings in social sciences.

Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, Engineering

Bilkent University

Turkey’s first private non-profit university, known for academic excellence across disciplines.

Business, Engineering, Law, Music, Fine Arts

Gazi University

Known for its education faculty, engineering, and architecture programs.

Education, Engineering, Architecture

TOBB University of Economics and Technology

Strongly linked with Turkey’s business sector, offering programs geared toward innovation and technology.

Engineering, Economics, Business, Law

Başkent University

Specializes in health sciences and medicine, with its own network of hospitals for practical training.

Medicine, Health Sciences, Communication

Çankaya University

Known for its focus on engineering, business administration, and computer science.

Engineering, Business, Computer Science

Atılım University

Offers a variety of engineering, art, and business programs with an international outlook.

Engineering, Aviation, Art, Business

Yıldırım Beyazıt University

A newer institution with growing influence in law, political science, and health sciences.

Law, Political Science, Medicine

Atilim University

Known for its strong engineering programs and practical learning approaches.

Engineering, Business, Aviation

Turkish Military Academy

An elite institution training officers for the Turkish Armed Forces, with strong engineering programs.

Military Science, Engineering

Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University

Offers a broad range of programs with a particular strength in medical and health sciences.

Medicine, Health Sciences, Social Sciences

Ankara Music and Fine Arts University

Specializes in music and fine arts with a focus on nurturing creative talents.

Music, Fine Arts

Ankara Social Sciences University

Focuses on social sciences, offering in-depth studies in politics, international relations, and law.

Political Science, International Relations, Law

Ankara Bilim University

Specializes in health sciences, including pharmacy and medicine, along with business studies.

Health Sciences, Pharmacy, Business

University of Turkish Aeronautical Association

Offers specialized programs in aeronautics and astronautics, catering to the aviation industry.

Aeronautics, Astronautics, Aviation Management

TED University

Focuses on education and teaching methodologies, also offering liberal arts and sciences programs.

Education, Engineering, Art & Design

Health Sciences University

Dedicated to medical and health sciences, offering extensive practical training.

Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy

Ankara Science University

A newer university with a strong emphasis on scientific research and innovation.

Science, Engineering, Technology


Bachelor Courses in Turkey along with course name, fees, intake, Duration and eligibility

Course Name


Tuition Fees (per year)



Eligibility Requirements

BSc in Mechanical Engineering

Middle East Technical University (METU)

$400 - $1,500

Fall, Spring

4 years

High school diploma, SAT/ACT, English proficiency

BA in International Relations

Bilkent University

$12,000 - $18,000

Fall, Spring

4 years

High school diploma, SAT/ACT, English proficiency

BS in Computer Science

Boğaziçi University

$300 - $600

Fall, Spring

4 years

High school diploma, SAT/ACT, English proficiency

BArch in Architecture

Istanbul Technical University

$600 - $1,200


4 years

High school diploma, SAT/ACT, portfolio, English/Turkish proficiency

BBA in Business Administration

Koç University

$17,500 - $25,000

Fall, Spring

4 years

High school diploma, SAT/ACT, English proficiency

LLB in Law

Ankara University

$300 - $800


4 years

High school diploma, SAT/ACT, English/Turkish proficiency

BEd in English Education

Gazi University

$240 - $750

Fall, Spring

4 years

High school diploma, SAT/ACT, English proficiency

BSc in Electrical Engineering

Hacettepe University

$300 - $800

Fall, Spring

4 years

High school diploma, SAT/ACT, English proficiency

BA in Psychology

Çukurova University

$300 - $800

Fall, Spring

4 years

High school diploma, SAT/ACT, English proficiency

Bachelor of Tourism Management

Akdeniz University

$300 - $800


4 years

High school diploma, SAT/ACT, English proficiency


Master Courses in Turkey along with course name, fees, intake, Duration and eligibility

Course Name


Tuition Fees (per year)



Eligibility Requirements

MSc in Electrical Engineering

Middle East Technical University (METU)

$400 - $1,500

Fall, Spring

2 years

BSc in related field, GRE, TOEFL/IELTS

MA in International Relations

Bilkent University

$12,000 - $18,000

Fall, Spring

2 years

BA, Statement of Purpose, Letters of Recommendation, TOEFL/IELTS

MSc in Computer Science

Boğaziçi University

$300 - $600

Fall, Spring

2 years

BSc in related field, GRE, TOEFL/IELTS

Master of Architecture (M.Arch)

Istanbul Technical University

$600 - $1,200


2 years

BArch or related degree, Portfolio, TOEFL/IELTS

MBA in Business Administration

Koç University

$17,500 - $25,000

Fall, Spring

1.5 years

Bachelor's degree, GMAT/GRE, TOEFL/IELTS, Interview

LLM in Law

Ankara University

$300 - $800


2 years

LLB or equivalent, TOEFL/IELTS

MEd in English Education

Gazi University

$240 - $750

Fall, Spring

2 years

BEd or related degree, TOEFL/IELTS

MSc in Mechanical Engineering

Hacettepe University

$300 - $800

Fall, Spring

2 years

BSc in related field, GRE, TOEFL/IELTS

MA in Psychology

Çukurova University

$300 - $800

Fall, Spring

2 years

BA in Psychology or related, TOEFL/IELTS

Master of Tourism Management

Akdeniz University

$300 - $800


2 years

Bachelor’s degree, TOEFL/IELTS, Interview


PhD Courses in Turkey along with course name, fees, intake, Duration and eligibility

Course Name


Tuition Fees (per year)



Eligibility Requirements

PhD in Mechanical Engineering

Middle East Technical University (METU)

$400 - $1,500

Fall, Spring

4-5 years

Master’s in related field, GRE, TOEFL/IELTS, research proposal

PhD in Political Science and International Relations

Bilkent University

$12,000 - $18,000

Fall, Spring

4-5 years

Master’s degree, letters of recommendation, TOEFL/IELTS, research proposal

PhD in Computer Engineering

Boğaziçi University

$300 - $600

Fall, Spring

4-5 years

Master’s in related field, GRE, TOEFL/IELTS, research proposal

PhD in Architecture

Istanbul Technical University

$600 - $1,200


4-5 years

Master’s in Architecture or related, portfolio, TOEFL/IELTS

PhD in Business Administration

Koç University

$17,500 - $25,000

Fall, Spring

4-5 years

Master’s degree, GMAT/GRE, TOEFL/IELTS, research proposal

PhD in Law

Ankara University

$300 - $800


4-5 years

LL.M or equivalent, TOEFL/IELTS, research proposal

PhD in Educational Sciences

Gazi University

$240 - $750

Fall, Spring

4-5 years

Master’s in Education or related, TOEFL/IELTS, research proposal

PhD in Electrical Engineering

Hacettepe University

$300 - $800

Fall, Spring

4-5 years

Master’s in related field, GRE, TOEFL/IELTS, research proposal

PhD in Clinical Psychology

Çukurova University

$300 - $800

Fall, Spring

4-5 years

Master’s in Psychology or related, TOEFL/IELTS, research proposal

PhD in Tourism Management

Akdeniz University

$300 - $800


4-5 years

Master’s in related field, TOEFL/IELTS, research proposal


Study IT and Computer Science in Turkey

Top Universities for IT and Computer Science in Turkey

  1. Middle East Technical University (METU)

    • Program Highlights: METU is renowned for its rigorous engineering and science programs, including a strong focus on computer science and engineering.

    • Location: Ankara

  2. Boğaziçi University

    • Program Highlights: Known for its competitive entry standards and strong emphasis on research, Boğaziçi offers excellent programs in computer engineering and information systems.

    • Location: Istanbul

  3. Bilkent University

    • Program Highlights: Offers comprehensive undergraduate and graduate programs in computer engineering, known for its research output and technological innovation.

    • Location: Ankara

  4. Istanbul Technical University (ITU)

    • Program Highlights: ITU is one of the top technical universities in Turkey, offering robust programs in computer science and engineering with a focus on both theoretical and applied aspects.

    • Location: Istanbul

  5. Sabancı University

    • Program Highlights: Offers a bachelor’s degree in computer science and engineering, emphasizing interdisciplinary education and practical applications.

    • Location: Istanbul

  6. Koç University

    • Program Highlights: Known for a focus on research, Koç offers programs in computer engineering and information systems, equipped with state-of-the-art facilities and labs.

    • Location: Istanbul

What to Expect from Programs

  • Curriculum: Bachelor's programs typically cover areas such as algorithms, software development, database management, and artificial intelligence. Master's and PhD programs will delve deeper into specialized topics like machine learning, cybersecurity, and data science.

  • Duration: Bachelor’s programs in Turkey usually last four years, while master's programs are 1.5 to 2 years and PhDs can take 4-5 years.

  • Language of Instruction: Many top universities in Turkey offer programs in English, particularly at the graduate level. However, some undergraduate programs might require some proficiency in Turkish.

  • Tuition Fees: Public universities generally have lower tuition fees compared to private institutions. Annual fees can range from $300 to $1,500 for public schools and $6,000 to $20,000 for private universities.

Admission Requirements

  • Undergraduate: High school diploma, proof of English proficiency (TOEFL/IELTS), and sometimes specific exams like SAT or a national university entrance exam.

  • Graduate: Bachelor’s degree in a related field, letters of recommendation, statement of purpose, CV, GRE scores (especially for U.S.-aligned programs), and English proficiency.

Career Prospects

Graduates of IT and Computer Science programs in Turkey can look forward to opportunities in various sectors including technology, telecommunications, banking, and healthcare. The tech startup scene in Turkey, especially in Istanbul and Ankara, is vibrant and growing, with numerous opportunities for enterprising graduates. Furthermore, multinational companies often have regional offices in Turkey, providing additional career pathways.

Study MBA in Turkey

Why Study MBA in Turkey?

  1. Cost-Effectiveness: Compared to many Western countries, pursuing an MBA in Turkey can be significantly less expensive, both in terms of tuition and living expenses.

  2. Quality Education: Many Turkish business schools have international accreditation, such as from AMBA, EQUIS, or AACSB.

  3. Cultural Richness: Turkey's unique blend of Eastern and Western cultures provides a dynamic backdrop for studying international business.

  4. Strategic Location: Its geographic location offers strategic business insights into both European and Middle Eastern markets.

  5. Growing Economy: Turkey's economy is diverse and rapidly evolving, offering numerous opportunities for budding business professionals.

  6. Network Opportunities: Studying in Turkey allows students to build a robust network across Europe and Asia.

Top Business Schools in Turkey

  1. Koç University - Graduate School of Business

    • Location: Istanbul

    • Program Highlights: Offers an Executive MBA and full-time MBA with opportunities for international exchange.

  2. Sabancı University - School of Management

    • Location: Istanbul

    • Program Highlights: Known for its innovative and entrepreneurial curriculum, it offers a Full-Time and Professional MBA.

  3. Bilkent University - Faculty of Business Administration

    • Location: Ankara

    • Program Highlights: Provides a rigorous MBA program with an emphasis on research and practical applications.

  4. Boğaziçi University - School of Management

    • Location: Istanbul

    • Program Highlights: Offers a part-time MBA designed for working professionals with classes held in the evenings or on weekends.

  5. Ozyegin University - Graduate School of Business

    • Location: Istanbul

    • Program Highlights: Offers an MBA with a focus on innovative and entrepreneurial leadership.

MBA Program Structure

  • Duration: Typically, MBA programs in Turkey last about 12 to 24 months, depending on whether they are full-time or part-time.

  • Curriculum: Includes core business disciplines such as marketing, finance, operations, and strategy, along with elective courses that allow for specialization.

  • Teaching Methods: Case studies, group projects, and internships are integral parts of the curriculum, emphasizing practical experience.

  • Language: Most top MBA programs are taught entirely in English, catering to an international student body.

Admission Requirements

  • Bachelor’s Degree: From an accredited institution.

  • Work Experience: Many programs require at least a few years of professional experience, particularly for executive MBA programs.

  • GMAT/GRE Scores: Often required, though some programs may waive this requirement based on professional experience or previous academic performance.

  • Language Proficiency: For non-native English speakers, a TOEFL or IELTS score is usually necessary.

  • Interviews: Can be part of the application process to assess the candidate’s motivations and suitability for the program.

Costs and Scholarships

  • Tuition Fees: Can range from $10,000 to $25,000 for the entire program, which is generally lower compared to North American and Western European standards.

  • Living Expenses: Living in Turkey is relatively affordable, with costs varying between $400 to $800 per month, depending on the city and lifestyle.

  • Scholarships: Many universities offer scholarships for international students, which can cover a significant portion of tuition fees.

Career Opportunities

MBA graduates in Turkey have opportunities in diverse sectors such as finance, consulting, e-commerce, and technology. The dynamic market also favors entrepreneurship, with many graduates starting their ventures.

Study MS in Turkey

Top Universities Offering MS Programs in Turkey

  1. Middle East Technical University (METU)

    • Location: Ankara

    • Notable Programs: Engineering, Natural Sciences, Informatics

  2. Bilkent University

    • Location: Ankara

    • Notable Programs: Electrical Engineering, Physics, Chemistry

  3. Boğaziçi University

    • Location: Istanbul

    • Notable Programs: Molecular Biology and Genetics, Mechanical Engineering, Environmental Sciences

  4. Istanbul Technical University (ITU)

    • Location: Istanbul

    • Notable Programs: Earthquake Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Urban Planning

  5. Sabancı University

    • Location: Istanbul

    • Notable Programs: Materials Science, Cyber Security, Data Analytics

Why Study MS in Turkey?

  • Quality Education: Turkish universities are known for their rigorous academic standards, especially in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) fields.

  • Affordability: Compared to Western Europe and North America, tuition fees and living costs are relatively low.

  • Research Opportunities: Many Turkish universities are research-focused, offering state-of-the-art facilities and funding opportunities for graduate students.

  • Cultural Experience: Turkey offers a rich cultural heritage combined with modern living, providing a vibrant backdrop for international students.

  • Strategic Location: Located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, Turkey offers unique career and research opportunities, especially in fields like energy, geopolitics, and cultural studies.

Popular MS Programs in Turkey

  • Engineering (Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, Chemical)

  • Computer Science and Information Technology

  • Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

  • Energy Systems Engineering

  • Biotechnology and Genetics

  • Economics and Finance

  • Neuroscience

Admission Requirements

  • Bachelor’s Degree: Applicants must have a relevant undergraduate degree from an accredited institution.

  • Academic Transcripts: Complete records of your previous academic performance.

  • Proof of English Proficiency: TOEFL or IELTS scores if the program is taught in English.

  • Letters of Recommendation: Typically, two or three letters from academic or professional references.

  • Statement of Purpose: A detailed essay explaining your academic interests, career goals, and reasons for choosing the specific program.

  • Entrance Exams: Some programs may require GRE scores, particularly for engineering and science disciplines.

  • Interviews: Some programs may conduct interviews as part of the admission process.

Tuition Fees and Scholarships

  • Tuition Fees: For public universities, the fees can range from $300 to $1,500 per year for international students. Private universities can charge higher, from about $6,000 to $20,000 per year.

  • Scholarships: Both government and universities offer scholarships that cover tuition fees, accommodation, and sometimes include a monthly stipend. Notable scholarships include Türkiye Scholarships and various university-specific scholarships.

Career Prospects

An MS degree from a Turkish university can enhance your career prospects significantly, both in Turkey and internationally. Graduates often find opportunities in academia, research institutions, corporate sectors (especially in technology, pharmaceuticals, and engineering), and government roles. Additionally, Turkey's growing startup ecosystem is an exciting space for entrepreneurial graduates.

English Taught Courses in Turkey

Benefits of English-Taught Programs in Turkey

  1. Accessibility for International Students: English-taught programs break the language barrier, making Turkish universities more accessible to international students.

  2. Global Perspective: Courses taught in English often incorporate a global perspective, which is beneficial for students looking to work internationally or in multinational companies.

  3. Diversity on Campus: These programs attract students from various countries, enhancing cultural diversity and exchange on campus.

Finding English-Taught Programs

  • University Websites: The most direct way to find English-taught programs is to visit the official websites of Turkish universities. Most universities have a section dedicated to international students, where they list available English-taught programs.

  • Study in Turkey Portals: Websites like Study in Turkey provide comprehensive guides and listings of English-taught programs across multiple universities in Turkey.

  • Education Fairs and Counselors: International education fairs and student counselors can also provide information on English-taught courses.

Examples of English-Taught Programs in Turkish Universities

  1. Middle East Technical University (METU)

    • Known for its strong engineering and natural sciences programs, METU offers numerous undergraduate and graduate programs in English.

    • Programs: BSc in Mechanical Engineering, MSc in Environmental Science, PhD in Informatics.

  2. Bilkent University

    • One of the first Turkish universities to offer programs in English, Bilkent has a strong emphasis on humanities, law, engineering, and business.

    • Programs: BA in International Relations, MBA, LLB.

  3. Boğaziçi University

    • A prestigious university known for its liberal arts education, offering a variety of programs in English, especially strong in arts and sciences.

    • Programs: BA in Psychology, MA in History, MSc in Molecular Biology and Genetics.

  4. Koç University

    • Offers a wide range of graduate and undergraduate programs in English, noted for its medical school, administrative sciences, and engineering departments.

    • Programs: MBBS, Executive MBA, BSc in Computer Engineering.

  5. Sabancı University

    • Focused on interdisciplinary education, Sabancı offers all its courses in English with a strong focus on research.

    • Programs: MA in Cultural Studies, MSc in Material Science and Nano Engineering, PhD in Economics.

Admission Requirements

  • English Proficiency: TOEFL or IELTS scores are typically required to prove English proficiency.

  • Academic Records: Transcripts and diplomas from previous education.

  • Entrance Exams: Some programs may require specific exams like the GRE or GMAT.

  • Motivational Letters and Interviews: Often needed for master's and PhD programs.

Qualifying Exams to Study in Turkey

Undergraduate Studies

  1. SAT (Scholastic Assessment Test)

    • Usage: Commonly accepted by Turkish universities for undergraduate admissions, especially for programs taught in English.

    • Focus: Tests critical reading, writing, and mathematical skills.

  2. ACT (American College Testing)

    • Usage: Another test accepted by some Turkish universities for undergraduate admissions.

    • Focus: Covers English, mathematics, reading, and science reasoning.

  3. YÖS (Foreign Student Examination)

    • Usage: Specifically designed for international students wishing to enroll in undergraduate programs in Turkey.

    • Focus: Includes questions on basic learning skills, mathematics, and geometry.

Graduate Studies

  1. GRE (Graduate Record Examinations)

    • Usage: Required by many Turkish universities for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, as well as for some social science programs.

    • Focus: Assesses verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, and analytical writing skills.

  2. GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test)

    • Usage: Essential for admission to business-related graduate programs, such as an MBA.

    • Focus: Tests analytical writing, integrated reasoning, quantitative, and verbal skills.

English Proficiency Tests

  1. TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language)

    • Usage: Widely accepted for programs taught in English at both undergraduate and graduate levels.

    • Focus: Measures ability to use and understand English at the university level.

  2. IELTS (International English Language Testing System)

    • Usage: Also widely accepted, similar to TOEFL, for courses taught in English.

    • Focus: Assesses listening, reading, writing, and speaking skills in English.

Turkish Language Proficiency

  1. TÖMER (Turkish and Foreign Languages Research and Application Center) Test

    • Usage: Required if the program of study is in Turkish.

    • Focus: Assesses proficiency in Turkish language.

Other Requirements

  • Ales (Academic Personnel and Postgraduate Education Entrance Exam): Required for Turkish citizens (and sometimes for international students) who are applying for postgraduate studies in Turkey.

  • Interviews: Depending on the program and university, an interview may also be part of the admission process, especially for graduate studies.

Tips for Preparation

  • Early Preparation: Start preparing for these tests well in advance to achieve competitive scores.

  • Understanding Requirements: Verify the specific exam requirements directly from the university’s admissions page since requirements can vary significantly between programs.

  • Practice Tests: Utilize available resources and practice tests to familiarize yourself with the format and type of questions you will encounter.

Cost of living in Turkey

Expense Category

Istanbul (USD)

Ankara (USD)

Izmir (USD)





- Shared Apartment

$150 - $300

$100 - $250

$100 - $250

- One Bedroom Apartment

$250 - $500

$150 - $350

$150 - $350


$40 - $80

$30 - $60

$30 - $60

Food and Groceries

$150 - $300

$100 - $200

$100 - $200


$20 - $50

$15 - $40

$15 - $40


$10 - $20

$10 - $20

$10 - $20


$50 - $100

$30 - $80

$30 - $80

Total Monthly Cost

$420 - $850

$335 - $750

$335 - $750


Documents Required to Study in Turkey

For University Application

  1. Application Form: Completed and signed for the desired university and program.

  2. Passport or National ID: A copy of a valid passport (the page with your photo and details) or a national ID card.

  3. High School Diploma (for undergraduate programs): Certified copy of your high school diploma and, if applicable, an official translation.

  4. Bachelor’s Degree Certificate (for graduate programs): Certified copy of your undergraduate degree certificate along with an official translation if not in English or Turkish.

  5. Transcripts: Official academic transcripts from your previous institutions (high school for undergraduates, college/university for graduates), including translations.

  6. Language Proficiency Certificate:

    • For English-taught programs: TOEFL or IELTS scores, unless you are a native speaker or have completed your previous education in English.

    • For Turkish-taught programs: Evidence of proficiency in Turkish, such as a TÖMER certificate, unless you are a native speaker.

  7. Statement of Purpose/Personal Statement: A written statement explaining your academic interests, career goals, and reasons for choosing the specific program and university.

  8. Letters of Recommendation: Typically, two or three letters from academic instructors or professional supervisors who can comment on your academic or professional qualifications and suitability for the intended program.

  9. CV/Resume: Detailed curriculum vitae outlining your education, work experience, any publications, awards, and other relevant achievements.

  10. Entrance Exam Results: Such as GRE, GMAT, SAT, or ACT scores, depending on the program and university requirements.

  11. Portfolio: For applicants to programs in arts, design, or architecture, a portfolio of previous work may be required.

  12. Application Fee: If required by the university.

For Student Visa Application

  1. Student Visa Application Form: Completed and signed.

  2. Passport: Valid for at least 60 days beyond the duration of the proposed stay in Turkey.

  3. Biometric Photographs: Recent photographs that meet visa application requirements.

  4. Letter of Acceptance: Issued by the Turkish university.

  5. Proof of Financial Resources: Evidence that you can support yourself financially during your studies, such as bank statements or a letter of sponsorship.

  6. Health Insurance: Proof of health insurance coverage that is valid in Turkey.

  7. Visa Application Fee: Required at the time of application.

  8. Travel Itinerary: If already arranged.

  9. Accommodation Proof: Details of where you will stay during your time in Turkey.

How to Apply to Universities in Turkey

1. Research and Choose Universities and Programs

  • Select Programs: Identify which courses or programs interest you. Turkey offers a wide range of programs at various levels—bachelor's, master's, and PhDs—in fields ranging from engineering and natural sciences to social sciences and humanities.

  • Check Language Requirements: Determine whether the programs are offered in English, Turkish, or both, and assess your language proficiency accordingly.

  • University Rankings and Accreditation: Consider university rankings, accreditation, and the program's reputation to ensure quality education.

2. Check Admission Requirements

  • Each university and program may have different admission criteria:

    • Undergraduate Programs: Typically require a high school diploma, standardized test scores (e.g., SAT, ACT), and proof of English or Turkish language proficiency depending on the language of instruction.

    • Graduate Programs: Require a relevant bachelor’s degree, transcripts, GRE or GMAT scores for certain programs, language proficiency, and possibly a statement of purpose, research proposal, and letters of recommendation.

3. Prepare Necessary Documentation

  • Academic Documents: Diplomas, certificates, and transcripts, often needing official translations.

  • Test Scores: SAT, ACT, GRE, GMAT, TOEFL, IELTS, or equivalent.

  • Passport: Valid for the duration of your intended stay in Turkey.

  • Letters of Recommendation and Statement of Purpose: Particularly for graduate applicants.

  • Application Forms: Filled out for each university.

4. Submit Your Application

  • Direct Application to the University: Most Turkish universities allow you to apply directly through their websites, where you can upload necessary documents.

  • Centralized Application Platforms: For some programs, especially at the undergraduate level, you may need to apply through a centralized system like ÖSYM (Student Selection and Placement Center in Turkey).

5. Track and Respond to Admission Decisions

  • Admission Offers: If accepted, you will receive an offer letter. You must accept the offer and possibly pay a deposit to secure your place.

  • Visa Application: International students will need to apply for a student visa. Use the acceptance letter to start your visa application process, which involves submitting it to the nearest Turkish embassy or consulate.

6. Plan Your Travel and Accommodation

  • Accommodation: Arrange for housing, whether on-campus dormitories or off-campus housing.

  • Travel Arrangements: Book flights according to the university schedule.

7. Registration and Enrollment

  • Orientation Programs: Attend any scheduled orientation programs to help you adjust to the new environment and complete any final registration steps.

  • Finalize Enrollment: Submit any final documents, and register for classes.

Tips for a Smooth Application Process:

  • Start Early: Begin the application process well ahead of deadlines to accommodate any unforeseen delays, especially if you need to take language proficiency tests or gather numerous documents.

  • Check Specifics for International Students: If you are an international applicant, additional requirements or assistance programs may be available.

  • Contact Universities Directly: If you have any questions or need clarification on specific requirements or steps.

Grading System in the Universities of Turkey

Common Grading Scale

  • AA: 4.00 - Excellent

  • BA: 3.50 - Very Good

  • BB: 3.00 - Good

  • CB: 2.50 - Satisfactory Plus

  • CC: 2.00 - Satisfactory

  • DC: 1.50 - Passing Plus

  • DD: 1.00 - Passing

  • FD: 0.50 - Failure

  • FF: 0.00 - Failing

Students need to maintain a certain Grade Point Average (GPA) to stay in good academic standing, usually a minimum of 2.00 out of 4.00, especially to graduate.

Other Grading References

  • S: Satisfactory - Used for pass/fail courses where no specific grade is given.

  • U: Unsatisfactory - Indicates failure in a pass/fail course.

  • I: Incomplete - Given to a student who has not completed the coursework due to a valid reason.

  • W: Withdrawn - Indicates that the student has withdrawn from the course.

Conversion to Other Grading Systems

For international students, particularly those involved in exchange programs or those who need to convert their grades to a different system (like ECTS), Turkish universities often provide a conversion scale. For instance, the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) grade conversion is typically aligned as follows:

  • A: Top 10% of the class

  • B: Next 25%

  • C: Next 30%

  • D: Next 25%

  • E: Next 10%

  • FX: Failing - some more work required to pass

  • F: Failing - considerable further work required

Students life in Turkey

1. Cultural Richness

Turkey's unique position at the crossroads of Europe and Asia makes it a culturally diverse country with a rich history. Students have the opportunity to explore a blend of Eastern and Western cultures, showcased through its architecture, food, music, and traditions. Cities like Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmir, among others, offer countless cultural sites such as mosques, museums, and historical ruins, providing a deep dive into the country's rich history and contemporary culture.

2. University Campus Life

  • Sports Facilities: Including gyms, swimming pools, and sports teams.

  • Clubs and Societies: Ranging from academic and professional organizations to hobby groups like photography, hiking, or culinary clubs.

  • Events and Social Gatherings: Universities frequently organize concerts, festivals, guest lectures, and international nights that encourage social interaction and cultural exchange.

3. Accommodation

Students can choose between university dormitories, which are relatively affordable, or private accommodation. Dorms are a popular choice as they provide an immediate social network, and are convenient and cost-effective. For those preferring privacy, renting apartments or sharing flats in nearby areas is common.

4. Food

Turkish cuisine is world-renowned for its diversity and flavor, incorporating elements from Middle Eastern, Central Asian, Eastern European, and Balkan cuisines. Students can enjoy a variety of dishes at affordable prices in university canteens or local eateries. Common dishes include kebabs, meze (a variety of small dishes), and sweets like baklava and Turkish delight.

5. Travel Opportunities

Turkey’s geographical diversity—from its Mediterranean beaches to its mountainous northern regions—offers ample opportunities for travel and adventure. The country's extensive bus and train network makes it easy and affordable for students to explore different regions. Plus, many universities organize trips and tours, providing students with guided and affordable options to see more of the country.

6. Practical Matters

  • Transport: Urban transport systems in Turkey are well-developed, with options ranging from buses and metros to ferries and minibuses.

  • Healthcare: Students usually need to have health insurance, which provides access to Turkey’s comprehensive healthcare services.

  • Work Opportunities: International students are allowed to work part-time, but there are restrictions, and a work permit is required. Universities often have career offices to help students find job opportunities.

7. Language

While Turkish is the official language, English is widely spoken in major cities and university campuses, especially within academic circles. However, learning Turkish can enhance your daily life and interaction with local communities.

8. Networking and Career Development

Many universities in Turkey have strong links with industries and companies, facilitating networking opportunities and internships. This is beneficial for students looking to start their careers either in Turkey or abroad.

Indian Students in Turkey

Educational Opportunities

  1. Wide Range of Programs: Turkish universities offer a wide array of programs in English, from engineering and natural sciences to social sciences and humanities. This diversity makes it easier for Indian students to find courses that match their interests and career goals.

  2. Quality Education: Many Turkish universities are recognized for their academic standards and hold international accreditations. Institutions like Middle East Technical University (METU), Boğaziçi University, and Bilkent University are well-regarded globally.

  3. Scholarships: The Turkish government and several universities offer scholarships that can cover tuition fees, accommodation, and sometimes include a monthly stipend. The Türkiye Scholarships is a popular choice among international students, including Indians.

Practical Aspects

  1. Visa Requirements: Indian students need to obtain a student visa to study in Turkey. The process involves providing proof of admission from a Turkish university, proof of financial resources, health insurance, and a valid passport.

  2. Affordable Living Costs: Compared to many Western countries, the cost of living in Turkey is quite reasonable. Accommodation, food, transportation, and entertainment are generally less expensive, making it a cost-effective option for students.

  3. Cultural Adaptation: Turkey is a culturally rich country, with traditions that are both similar and distinct from Indian culture. The warmth and hospitality often resonate well with Indian students, but there might be a cultural adjustment phase, particularly concerning language and daily customs.

Community and Cultural Exchange

  1. Cultural Activities: Many universities in Turkey host international nights, cultural festivals, and various clubs that help promote cultural exchange. Indian students can share their culture and also immerse themselves in Turkish traditions.

  2. Indian Community: The Indian community in Turkey, although not very large, is quite active. There are cultural organizations and community groups that celebrate major Indian festivals, which can be a great source of comfort and connection for new students away from home.

  3. Language: While Turkish is the main language of communication, English is widely used in academic circles, and many Turks also speak it, especially in larger cities and tourist areas. However, learning basic Turkish can significantly enhance daily interactions and integration into the local community.

Career Opportunities

  1. Part-Time Jobs: International students in Turkey are allowed to work part-time during their studies, but they must obtain a work permit. Universities often have career services that help students find part-time jobs relevant to their studies.

  2. Post-Graduation Opportunities: Graduates from Turkish universities can explore job opportunities in Turkey, especially in sectors like technology, tourism, and business, where there is a demand for skilled professionals. Alternatively, the quality education received can also help in pursuing careers globally.

Student Visa Requirements in Turkey

Before Applying for a Student Visa

  1. Acceptance Letter: You must have an official acceptance letter from a recognized Turkish university.

  2. Valid Passport: Your passport must be valid for at least 60 days beyond the duration of the visa you are applying for.

Required Documents for a Turkish Student Visa

  1. Student Visa Application Form: Completed and signed. This form is typically available at the Turkish embassy or consulate's website in your home country.

  2. Passport: Submit your passport along with a photocopy of your personal information page. Ensure that your passport has validity that extends beyond your period of stay.

  3. Biometric Photographs: You will need to provide a number of biometric photographs, usually two, taken within the last six months, adhering to the visa photo requirements.

  4. Letter of Acceptance: Issued by the Turkish university, confirming your acceptance and the duration of your study program.

  5. Proof of Health Insurance: You must show evidence of health insurance that covers you throughout your stay in Turkey. Some students may opt to purchase health insurance upon arrival in Turkey, but having it beforehand can expedite the visa process.

  6. Proof of Financial Resources: Demonstrate sufficient financial means to support yourself during your study period. This can be a bank statement, a letter of sponsorship or scholarship, indicating that you have enough funds to cover your living expenses.

  7. Visa Application Fee: There is typically a fee associated with the visa application, which varies by country.

  8. Educational Documents: Depending on the consulate, you may need to provide copies of your educational qualifications, such as a high school diploma or university transcripts.

  9. Flight Reservation: Some consulates may require a round-trip flight reservation showing entry and exit dates from Turkey.

Additional Documents

  • CV or Resume: Providing a detailed CV can sometimes be requested to give more context about your educational background and experiences.

  • Letter of Intent/Motivation Letter: Some consulates ask for a letter explaining why you wish to study in Turkey and your plans after completing your studies.

  • Accommodation Information: Proof of where you will live in Turkey, whether it's university housing or other accommodation.

Application Process

  1. Gather all required documents: Ensure all documents are completed, and copies made where necessary.

  2. Visit the Turkish Embassy or Consulate: You must apply for your student visa at the Turkish embassy or consulate in your home country. In some countries, you may be able to start your application online but will need to visit in person to submit your documents and potentially for an interview.

  3. Wait for Processing: The processing time for a Turkish student visa can vary, typically taking about 8 weeks. It's recommended to apply well in advance of your intended departure to allow ample time for visa processing.

Part-time Job Options in Turkey

Regulations for Working as a Student

  1. Work Permit Requirement: International students in Turkey must obtain a work permit to engage in part-time employment. This rule applies irrespective of the job type or duration.

  2. Limitations on Work Hours: Typically, students are allowed to work up to a maximum of 24 hours per week during the academic year, ensuring their studies are not adversely affected.

  3. When to Start Working: Undergraduate students must wait at least one year after starting their studies to apply for a work permit. Graduate students (master’s and Ph.D.) can apply for a work permit as soon as they commence their studies.

How to Obtain a Work Permit

  • Employer Assistance: The application for a work permit must be initiated by your employer. They need to apply to the Ministry of Labor and Social Security.

  • Documentation: You and your employer will need to provide certain documents, which typically include your passport, student ID, offer of employment, and possibly your residence permit.

Popular Part-Time Job Options

  1. On-Campus Jobs: Many universities offer on-campus jobs that are ideal for students. These jobs typically include working in university libraries, administrative offices, or labs. They usually do not require a work permit, making them a preferred option.

  2. Teaching and Tutoring: If you are proficient in English or any other language, you might find opportunities as a language tutor. Additionally, helping fellow students with various academic subjects is another viable option.

  3. Tourism and Hospitality: Given Turkey’s vibrant tourism industry, there are numerous part-time jobs available in hotels, travel agencies, and restaurants, especially in cities like Istanbul, Antalya, and Izmir.

  4. Retail: Part-time work in shopping centers, boutiques, or supermarkets can be found throughout Turkey. These jobs might include roles as sales assistants or cashiers.

  5. Internships: Some sectors offer internships that might be paid or unpaid, providing valuable work experience relevant to your field of study.

  6. Freelancing: For students with skills in areas like writing, graphic design, web development, or digital marketing, freelancing offers flexible work hours and the ability to work from home or anywhere with internet access.

Work Visa and PR in Turkey

Work Visa Process in Turkey

1. Obtaining a Work Permit and Visa:

  • Work Permit Application: The process typically starts with your employer in Turkey. They must apply for your work permit through the Ministry of Labor and Social Security (Çalışma ve Sosyal Güvenlik Bakanlığı). You cannot apply for a work permit on your own; it must be employer-sponsored.

  • Documents Required: This generally includes your passport, application form, photos, job offer letter, and diplomas or other qualifications, along with your employer’s tax number and company details.

  • Simultaneous Application: In many cases, the work permit application also serves as your application for a work visa.

  • Duration: Work permits are usually issued for one year and can be renewed as long as you continue to work for the same employer. After three years with the same employer, you can apply for a long-term permit.

2. Entering Turkey:

  • Work Visa: After your work permit is approved, you need to apply for a work visa at the Turkish embassy or consulate in your home country before you can travel to Turkey.

Permanent Residency (PR) in Turkey

1. Eligibility:

  • Continuous Residence: You must have lived in Turkey continuously for at least eight years on a residence permit to be eligible for PR. Student residence permits do not count towards this eight-year requirement.

  • Financial Stability: You need to prove that you have sufficient financial means to support yourself in Turkey.

  • No Threat to Public Order or Security: A clean criminal record and no history of behavior that could be seen as a threat to public safety or order.

  • Health Insurance: You must have valid health insurance that covers you in Turkey.

2. Application Process:

  • Application Submission: Applications for permanent residency must be submitted to the Directorate General of Migration Management (Göç İdaresi Genel Müdürlüğü).

  • Documents: Along with your application, you need to submit proof of your continuous residence in Turkey, financial means, health insurance, and a criminal record check.

3. Benefits of Permanent Residency:

  • Indefinite Stay: Permanent residency allows you to stay in Turkey indefinitely.
  • Work and Business: As a permanent resident, you can work without the need for a work permit and can freely engage in business activities.
  • Social Benefits: Access to social services, healthcare, and education, similar to Turkish citizens.


After five years of permanent residency, you may be eligible to apply for Turkish citizenship, provided you meet additional criteria like language proficiency and continued financial stability.

Key Considerations

  • Legal Assistance: Given the complexities of immigration laws, it is advisable to seek help from a legal professional specializing in Turkish immigration to ensure all requirements are met and to facilitate the process.

  • Patience and Preparation: Both processes require patience and thorough preparation of documents and adherence to regulations.

Placement after study in Turkey along with names of companies




ASELSAN, TAI, Ford Otosan, Tüpraş, Arçelik


Garanti BBVA, Akbank, KPMG, EY, PwC, Deloitte

IT and Technology

Turkcell, Vestel, Logo Yazılım, Trendyol, Peak Games

Construction and Real Estate

Enka, Tekfen Construction, Toki


Zorlu Enerji, Enerjisa

Tourism and Hospitality

Turkish Airlines, Divan Group, Rixos Hotels

Education and Research

Private schools, Universities, TÜBİTAK


Pros and Cons of Studying in Turkey


  1. Rich Cultural Heritage: Turkey's unique position straddling Europe and Asia makes it a melting pot of cultures, which is reflected in its architecture, art, literature, and more. This rich cultural heritage provides a vibrant backdrop for education.

  2. Quality Education at Lower Cost: Compared to many Western countries, Turkey offers affordable education with lower tuition fees and living costs. Many universities in Turkey are also striving to match global academic standards, offering quality education that is increasingly recognized worldwide.

  3. Strategic Location: Turkey’s location makes it a gateway to both Europe and Asia. This strategic position can offer students unique opportunities for travel and international networking.

  4. Growing Number of English-Taught Programs: Although Turkish is the primary language of instruction, many universities are now offering programs in English to attract international students.

  5. Scholarship Opportunities: The Turkish government and various universities offer scholarships that cover tuition, accommodation, and sometimes even a monthly stipend and flight tickets, making it financially accessible.


  1. Language Barrier: While English-taught programs are available, many courses and everyday interactions outside the university environment still require Turkish. This can pose a challenge for those who do not speak the language.

  2. Cultural Differences: Students from Western countries might find some of Turkey's social and cultural norms conservative, which can lead to a significant adjustment period.

  3. Political Climate: The political environment in Turkey has been volatile in recent years, with frequent political unrest and changes that might affect the stability and predictability that students usually prefer.

  4. Recognition of Degrees: While many Turkish universities are well-respected, the recognition of Turkish degrees can vary by country and industry. It’s important to verify how a degree from Turkey will be viewed in your home country or wherever you plan to work.

  5. Bureaucracy: Foreign students might find the Turkish bureaucracy challenging to navigate, especially when dealing with residency permits, banking, and healthcare.

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