NEXT (National Exit Test):- A Complete Guide

If you are doing MBBS from abroad. you must crack the NEXT Exam to practice as a doctor in India. ....

Bhakti Revar
Bhakti Revar

Jun 06, 2020 12:44:02


Exams are one of the most important aspects of one's life. Exams are said to be the determining factor to know the ability and talent of a person. It is your knowledge that allows you to push your limits to achieve the maximum of your potential. In every field, the exam holds great importance to test the knowledge and skills of the aspirants. The exam helps to know if the aspirant is capable enough of pursuing higher education in the chosen field. It is often said that the scores and marks of the exam can never determine once potential to do the work however in this modern world we all can experience that if we fail in an examination it is because of lack of hard work, confidence or other factors which does not favor us to achieve what we dream. ‘Hard work beats talent when talent doesn’t work hard’ goes correct with examinations.

‘Perseverance is the key to success’ stands very true when it comes to achieving your dreams and goals where examination stands a hurdle. One needs to be very persistent, hardworking, confident, and willing to do their best in order to clear an examination and climb the ladder of success that they dream of. The capability of a person in a particular field can be judged with greater ease through an examination. The certain time it happens that a person even after doing all they can not achieve what they wish to or clear an examination for instance. During such hard times one has to always remember that failures are the stepping stones to success. One should accept the failure with a cheerful grin and be persistent with what they wish to achieve. The powerful saying ‘A river cuts through a rock not because of its power, but because of its persistence’ can keep us motivated and dedicated to our goals.

“Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is always to try just one more time.”

 – Thomas Edison

The medical aspirants also have various examinations as their hurdles to achieve their dream of becoming a doctor. The first exam which a medical aspirant in India has to clear is NEET – UG Exam. It is conducted by the National Testing Agency, NTA. It is an all India level examination and is conducted once a year. The mode of examination is offline and the questions are of MCQ based pattern. The examination has negative marking. A correct answer fetches four makes whereas incorrect answers costs a loss of one mark. The students have to clear their class 12th Examination or its equivalence with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/ Biotechnology with a minimum of 50% marks as total. The aspirants willing to seek admission in any medical or paramedical course in India through government or private medical colleges have to appear for the NEET Examination.

A minimum of 50 percentile is to be scored to be qualified for seeking admission in MBBS or other pure medical and few Paramedical courses. Certain medical courses do not have these criteria of qualification. The examination is of 720 marks with 180 questions. It consists of three sections namely Biology Chemistry and Physics. Biology has 90 questions under it where are Physics and Chemistry account for 45 questioning each. A high level of preparation and deep knowledge and understanding of all the three subjects are required to clear NEET entrance examination and get admission in a reputed government college. There prevails high level of competition in this field and statistics says that above 1.5 million students are about to appear in the NEET examination in the year 2020. Till the year 2019 AIIMS and Jipmer were two other exams conducted other than NEET for admission in the medical courses. Since the year 2020 NEET is the only entrance examination that will be conducted for admission in medical courses.

The process does not end here. The graduates from Indian medical colleges have to appear for NEET- PG to do MD/MS. The graduates from foreign medical colleges have to appear for the Foreign Medical Graduate Examination (FMGE) to get a license for medical practice in India. If these foreign Graduates wish to complete MD/MS from India they have to appear for NEET- PG examination as well. All these create an extra set of examinations and excessive paperwork to be done. In order to overcome all these problems NEXT- National Exit Test is been introduced.

National Exit Test is the latest Licentiate Medical Examination. The examination will constitute the final year of the MBBS Examination in India. The graduate from foreign medical colleges on returning to India are required to qualify the Screening Test-Foreign Medical Graduate Examination (FMGE) held by the Medical Council of India in order to continue the medical practice in India. NEXT will be used as a Screening Test for Foreign Medical Graduates instead of FMGE for Medical Graduates to continue the medical practice in India. NEXT can also be used as a test for the selection process of post-graduation instead of the NEET- PG exam.

NEXT is claimed to produce more sophisticated and skillful doctors as the main aim of the examination is to test the knowledge and skills gained by the students in their MBBS course. The exam will be conducted by the government. It will be an all India level Examination. The pattern of examination will be MCQ pattern type. It will be the Successor for NEET – PG Exam and the year when it will be started is yet to be finalized. In February 2018, the amendment of the bill was first introduced to the National Medical Council. It was reintroduced in March 2019. The  Minister of State for AYUSH, Shripad Yesso Naik introduced The National Commission for Indian System of Medical Bill 2019, on 7th January 2019. In order to unify all the medical examinations of India after graduation and set a uniform standard to judge the overall capabilities of the future medical practitioners of India, the bill was approved by the Union Cabinet on 17th July 2019.

Every coin has two sides similarly, NEXT Examination has its own pros and cons. The pros and cons of NEXT are been listed below.

Students who are doing their MBBS from Russia, MBBS in Ukraine, Georgia, and other counties other than India will have to appear for the NEXT Exam. 

Advantages of NEXT Examination:-

  • Enhance the quality of MBBS graduates produced

Lack of a centralized testing system to test the knowledge and skills of the medical practitioner throughout India has led to poor medical facilities in certain regions of the nation. There is no proper uniformity in the medical services available across the nation. NEXT can help to bring about uniformity in medical facilities which could be made available throughout the nation.

  • Avoid unnecessary paperwork

Foreign medical graduate examination (FMGE) creates a sea of paperwork that could be troublesome for the processing authority as well as the graduates. The creation of a centralized examination system reduces this excessive pressure and helps in the smooth functioning of the procedure.

  • Increase the competency of Medical services on an international level

A centralized examination system can help to improve the standard of Indian Medical services on an international level. It helps to prove that India can provide quality medical services and the whole world will come to know about an effective but simple path of screening medical graduates.

  • Overcome the problem of medical malpractices.

There are various malpractices that are being carried out in the field of medicine. Corruption and improper knowledge of medical practitioners has increased the risk of losing lives. Common people trust the medical practitioner and keep their lives in their hands but certain times due to incapability of the practitioner death rate increases. All this symbolises sub-standard medical service which is unfair to the citizens and has to be improved. NEXT can prove to be helpful in the process.

  • Reduction in migration

We have come across various cases in which people migrate from one place to another in order to get better Medical services during ill health. Unavailability of proper medical practitioners can be one of the reasons for poor medical facilities available in a particular region. If NEXT works as it is expected to then it is predicted that there might be a significant reduction in migration of people as quality practitioners will be available to provide service and cure people.

Disadvantages of NEXT:-

  • Excessive demand of private coaching classes

Students of medical colleges would prefer having extra coaching to pass NEXT examination. They would prefer going to private coaching classes and this word increases the demand of private coaching classes in the market. The result of this can be high fees of such private coaching classes and increase in the number of private coaching classes. Studying medicine is anyways a very e expensive course for the common people of India and taking extra classes to stand up in the competition that would increase in NEXT examination due to private coaching classes would cost even more. All this in return would force the students willing to go for medical courses to think twice due to economic challenges faced by them and their families.

  • Extra burden on students

An all India level examination is definitely expected to be one of a kind and this popularity of the exam itself gives and extra tension to the students who would be appearing for the exam. It can also lead to immense depression and stress for the students who appearing for the NEXT examination.

  • The time span of the course

The bill produced in the parliament states that after clearing the NEXT examination students will have to compulsory serve 3 years of medical practice in rural areas and villages of India. This increases the overall time span of medical course which is already a 5 and half year course with the 6 months of internship to an overall period of 9 years. Students willing to go for post-graduation can complete their post-graduation along with service of 3 years of medical practice in rural areas and villages of India.

NEXT is still under review as it is not yet been passed by Rajya Sabha. The whole information is as per the latest news on this examination. Currently, there are no limitations to the number of attempts an individual can have for the examination.

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