Education System in Germany

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Standyou Team
Standyou Team

Mar 04, 2024 09:52:18

Credit Passing System in Germany

Understanding ECTS Credits

  • Credit Allocation: ECTS credits are allocated based on the total workload required to complete a course successfully. This includes attended lectures, seminars, workshops, independent study, preparation for exams, and the exams themselves.

  • Workload Measurement: One ECTS credit is equivalent to 25 to 30 hours of student work. The exact number can vary between universities and even faculties within the same university.

  • Full-time Study Load: A full academic year corresponds to 60 ECTS credits, which is typically equivalent to 1,500 to 1,800 hours of study. Accordingly, a semester consists of 30 ECTS credits.

Credit Distribution in Degree Programs

  • Bachelor’s Programs: Usually require the completion of 180 to 240 ECTS credits, equating to a three to four-year full-time study program.

  • Master’s Programs: Require 60 to 120 ECTS credits on top of the undergraduate degree, corresponding to one to two years of full-time study. The specific requirement depends on the program and the field of study.

  • Ph.D. Programs: Do not typically follow the ECTS system as they are research-focused. Any coursework is often considered part of the doctoral candidate's training and research preparation rather than a separate credit-earning endeavor.

Grading System

  • German universities use a grading system that can also be converted into ECTS grades to facilitate international comparison. The ECTS grading scale runs from A (excellent) to F (fail), with the German grading system typically ranging from 1.0 (very good) to 5.0 (fail).

Transferring Credits

  • Within Germany and Europe: The ECTS system makes it easier for students to transfer credits between universities within Germany and other European countries, supporting student mobility for semesters abroad or changing universities.

  • International Students: For students coming from outside the EHEA, universities often have specific conversion systems to equate international coursework and grades to the ECTS system.

Accumulation and Transfer

  • Accumulation: ECTS credits are accumulated as students pass courses, allowing them to progress through their degree program.

  • Transfer: Credits can be transferred from one program or university to another, provided the receiving institution recognizes the courses' equivalence and relevance to the student’s current program.

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