Part-time Job Options in Germany for Indian Students

Going to Germany for Higher education? Check out the Part-time Job Options in Germany for Indian Students....

Standyou Team
Standyou Team

Mar 04, 2024 10:06:06

Salary in Part-time Job in Germany

Legal Framework

  • Working Hours: As an international student, you're allowed to work up to 120 full days or 240 half days per year without needing a work permit. If you wish to work more, you need approval from the Ausländerbehörde (Foreigners' Office) and the Agentur für Arbeit (Federal Employment Agency).

  • Minimum Wage: Germany has a nationwide minimum wage applicable to most workers, including students. As of January 2023, the minimum wage in Germany was set at €9.82 per hour, and it was scheduled to increase to €10.45 per hour starting from July 1st, 2023. Note that these figures can change, so it's important to check the current minimum wage.

Average Salaries for Part-time Student Jobs

  • On-campus Jobs: Jobs within universities, such as library assistants, administrative roles, or research assistants, typically pay around the minimum wage to €15 per hour, depending on the job complexity and the student's qualifications.

  • Off-campus Jobs: Common off-campus jobs include working in bars, restaurants, retail, tutoring, and babysitting. These jobs usually offer salaries around the minimum wage but can vary.

  • Industry-specific Roles: Students with specific skills, such as IT, engineering, or languages, can find higher-paying part-time jobs related to their field of study. These positions can pay significantly more, ranging from €12 to €20 per hour or higher.

Taxes and Social Security

  • Tax-free Allowance: As of 2023, individuals in Germany have a tax-free allowance of €9,984 per year. If your earnings stay below this threshold, you may not need to pay income tax, but you still need to file a tax return.

  • Social Security: If you work less than 20 hours per week, you're exempt from most social security contributions. However, exceeding this limit or working full-time during semester breaks might require contributions to health insurance, nursing care insurance, pension insurance, and unemployment insurance.

Factors Affecting Salary

  • Region: Salaries can be higher in larger cities and metropolitan areas due to the higher cost of living. For example, part-time jobs in Munich, Frankfurt, or Hamburg may offer higher wages compared to smaller towns.

  • Skills and Experience: Jobs requiring specific skills or qualifications tend to pay more. Fluency in German can also open up better-paid opportunities.

Finding a Part-time Job

  • University Job Portals: Many universities offer job portals with listings for both on-campus and off-campus jobs suited for students.

  • Local Job Websites: Websites like Indeed, StepStone, and the Federal Employment Agency's job portal can be useful resources.

  • Networking: Often, jobs can be found through personal connections, university bulletin boards, or student groups.

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On-Campus Jobs

  • Research Assistant (HiWi): Many professors hire students as research assistants for various projects. These roles are particularly beneficial for students looking to pursue a career in academia or research.

  • Library Assistant: Jobs in university libraries can range from shelving books to assisting students and faculty with research queries.

  • IT Support: If you have IT skills, universities often need support staff to help with the maintenance of computer labs, software troubleshooting, and other technical tasks.

Off-Campus Jobs

  • Retail: Jobs in supermarkets, clothing stores, or any retail outlets are popular among students. Roles can include stocking shelves, cashiering, and customer service.

  • Hospitality: Cafes, bars, and restaurants often hire students for roles like waiting tables, bartending, or kitchen help. These jobs can offer flexible hours, though they might require working evenings and weekends.

  • Tutoring: If you excel in a particular subject, you can work as a tutor for school children or even fellow university students. Tutoring offers not only a good wage but also a flexible schedule.

  • Office/Administrative Work: Administrative roles in local businesses or startups can include data entry, assisting with document preparation, and other office duties. These positions might require a good level of German.

  • English Teaching: Native English speakers or those fluent in English might find opportunities to teach English, either in language schools or private tutoring.

Requirements and Considerations

  • Work Limitations: International students from non-EU/EEA countries are allowed to work 120 full days or 240 half days per year without a work permit. If you wish to work more, you need permission from the Ausländerbehörde (Foreigners' Registration Office) and the Agentur für Arbeit (Federal Employment Agency).

  • Language Skills: While many jobs, especially in international companies or university roles, may not require fluent German, improving your German skills can significantly expand your job opportunities and potentially lead to higher wages.

  • Minimum Wage: Germany has a nationwide minimum wage, ensuring that even part-time workers are fairly compensated for their work. As of July 2022, the minimum wage in Germany was set at €9.82 per hour, with a planned increase to €10.45 per hour from January 2023.

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Part-time Job Rules in Germany for International Students

Work Hour Limits

  • Non-EU/EEA Students: Can work 120 full days or 240 half days per year without requiring a special work permit. If you exceed this limit, you must obtain permission from the Ausländerbehörde (Foreigners' Office) and the Agentur für Arbeit (Federal Employment Agency).

  • EU/EEA Students: Have the right to work in Germany without any time restrictions. However, working more than 20 hours per week is generally discouraged as it can affect your student status and health insurance conditions.

Types of Permitted Work

  • Most types of employment are allowed, but jobs should ideally complement your field of study. Research assistant positions at your university, for example, are considered beneficial.

Impact on Health Insurance

  • Working Over 20 Hours a Week: If you work more than 20 hours per week regularly, you might need to pay higher insurance premiums, as you would be considered a full-time employee rather than a student. This rule applies especially to EU/EEA students, as non-EU/EEA students are restricted by the 120 full days or 240 half days rule.


  • Income Tax: If you earn less than €9,744 (as of 2021) in a year, you are exempt from paying income tax. However, if you earn more, you will need to file a tax return.

  • Social Security Contributions: Students working up to 20 hours per week are exempt from paying social security contributions. Beyond this, contributions to health insurance, nursing care insurance, pension, and unemployment insurance become mandatory.

Student Visa Regulations

  • Self-Employment/Freelancing: Generally, international students on a student visa are not allowed to engage in self-employment or freelancing without obtaining proper authorization from the Ausländerbehörde.

  • Internships: Internships count towards the 120 full days or 240 half days limit, regardless of whether they are paid or unpaid, unless they are a compulsory part of your study program.

Seeking Employment

  • Job Seeker Visa: After completing your studies, you can apply for an 18-month residence permit to look for a job that matches your qualifications. During this period, you are allowed to work any number of hours until you find a full-time position related to your degree.

Important Considerations

  • Prioritize your studies: The primary purpose of your stay in Germany is to complete your degree, so ensure that any part-time work does not negatively impact your academic performance.

  • Learn the language: While many jobs, especially in larger cities and university towns, may not require fluency in German, improving your language skills can significantly increase your job opportunities and integration into German society.

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